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Learning the Uzbek Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Uzbek language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Uzbek.
Uzbek pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).
In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Uzbek, the personal pronouns are:
Men… (I), Sen… (you), U… (he, she, it), Biz… (we), Siz… (you (both plural and polite form)), Ular… (they)
Examples: Men o’qiyman (I learn), Sen o’qiysan (you learn), U o’qiydi (he, she, it learns), Siz o’qiysiz (you learn [polite and plural]), Biz o’qiymiz (we learn), Ular o’qiydilar (they learn).
Here are some examples:
|English Pronouns||Uzbek Pronouns|
Notice the structure of the Pronouns in Uzbek has a logical pattern. Locate the Pronouns above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Uzbek.
In Uzbek, unlike English, there is such category as CASE. That is why all the pronouns in the objective form are used differently. There are 6 cases, but there’s no exact correspondence to the last one (Directional case) in English, that’s why it’s rather hard to explain the meaning of it.
In this case pronoun, being the subject of the sentence, is used in the initial form.
Men bu yerdaman – I am here. Sen buni qila olmaysan – You cannot do it.
Genitive case (Possessive pronouns)
These pronouns show that something belongs to someone. Like in English, in Uzbek there are also 2 types of such pronouns – partially possessive (my, your etc) and full possessive (mine, yours etc). Partially possessive pronouns are used along with the nouns with personal possessive endings.
Mening (noun)im Bizning (noun)imiz
Sening (noun)ing Sizning (noun)ingiz
Uning (noun)(s)i Ularning (noun)(s)i
Bu mening kitobim – This is my book. O’sha kalam seniki – That pencil is yours.
Pronouns in this case answer the question (to) whom, and are formed according to this formula: Personal pronoun in the Nominative + ending –ga.
Menga bu kalitni ber – Give me this key. Men senga savol berdim – I asked you a question.
Pronouns in this case answer the question whom. They are formed according to this formula: Personal pronoun in the Nominative + ending –ni.
Men kecha seni ko’rdim – I saw you yesterday. Mening dadam uni biladi – My father knows him.
This one is used to add to the verb objects with help of preposition bilan (with). Also this is the case which is used to build sentences in the Passive Voice (along with the ending -dan).
Men bugun u bilan ishlayman – Today I work with him. Bino toshdan qurilgan edi – The building was built of stone.
This case is formed by adding the ending –da to the pronoun. Pronouns in this case appear mostly in the following constructions:
Menda yangi kompyuter bor – I have a new conpyuter; Senda kurtka yo’q – You have not a jacket.
Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Uzbek placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Uzbek vocabulary.
|English Pronouns||Uzbek Pronouns|
|I speak||men gapiraman|
|you speak||sen gapirasan|
|he speaks||u gapiradi|
|she speaks||u gapiradi|
|we speak||biz gapiramiz|
|they speak||ular gapiradilar|
|give me||menga ber|
|give him||unga ber|
|give her||unga ber|
|give us||bizga ber|
|give them||ularga ber|
|my book||mening kitobim|
|your book||sening kitobing|
|his book||uning kitobi|
|her book||uning kitobi|
|our book||bizning kitomibiz|
|their book||ularning kitobi|
Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Uzbek. Once you're done with Uzbek Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Uzbek lessons here: Learn Uzbek. Don't forget to bookmark this page.
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