Bengali Alphabet

Bengali Alphabet

If you're trying to learn the Bengali Alphabet you will find some useful resources including a course about pronunciation, and sound of all letters... to help you with your Bengali grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and memorize the sounds. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Bengali. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


Bengali Alphabet

Learning the Bengali alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Bengali language.

Below is a table showing the Bengali alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

Bengali AlphabetEnglish SoundPronunciation Example

kক As ‘k’ in kite

khখ Coupled sound of ‘k’, ‘h’= ‘kh’

gগ As ‘g’ in gun

ghঘ Coupled sound of ‘g’, ‘h’= ‘gh’

ņঙ As ‘gn’ in gnome

chচ As ‘ch’ in chair

chhছ As ‘ch’ as in chair

jজ As ‘j’ in jug

jhঝ This is produced using the naval sounds while the tongue touches the upper part of mouth cavity

nঞ Just like ‘gn’ of gnome with a slight up movement of tongue

ţট As ‘t’ in top

ţhঠ Hard sound of ‘t’

đড As ‘d’ in dark

đhঢ Coupled sound of ‘d’ and ‘h’= ‘dh’

nণ Nasal sound when the tongue touches a bit away from teeth

tত Soft sound of ‘t’ as used in "Bharat"

thথ As ‘th’ in thermo

dদ As ‘th’ in the

dhধ sound produced by coupling soft ‘d’ and ‘h’= ‘dh’

nন As ‘n’ in man

pপ As ‘p’ in push

phফ Sound of ‘f’ if pronounced with closed lips

bব As ‘b’ in ban

bhভ Coupled sound of ‘b’ and ‘h’= ‘bh’

mম As ‘m’ in mass

jয As ‘y’ in yacht

rর As ‘r’ in run

lল As ‘l’ in love

sh and sশ As ‘sh’ in shot

shষ Sound of ‘sh’ when the tongue touches the roots of the teeth

sh and sস As ‘s’ in sound

hহ As ‘h’ in has


e and -




অ As ‘a’ in mal
আ Stressed অ
ই As ‘I’ in ill
ঈ As ‘e’ in eke
উ As ‘u’ in Ubuntu
ঊ As ‘ou’ in you
ঋ As ‘ri’ in risk
ৠ Double sound of “ri”
এ As ‘e’ in par se
ঐ As ‘a’ in as
ও As ‘o’ in go
ঔ Stressed and long sound of ‘o’

Bengali Pronunciation

You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio. Below you will be able to hear how the letters above are pronounced, just press the play button:

Bengali Pronunciation

The alphabet and its pronunciation have a very important role in Bengali, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Bangla alphabet, you might want to check the rest of our Bengali lessons here: Learn Bengali. Don't forget to bookmark this page.