Belarusian Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Belarusian Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Belarusian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Belarusian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Belarusian Adjectives

Learning the Belarusian Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Belarusian language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Belarusian.

Belarusian Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Belarusian an adjective should agree in gender, case, and number with the noun. For example:

a)    Masculine to feminine to neutral example:

Гэта мой маленькi сын (this is my little son)  -  Гэта мая маленькая дачка (this is my little daughter) – Гэта мае маленькае шчаня (this is my little puppy)

As you can see from the example above, the adjective, as well as the possessive pronoun comes before the noun and also takes the feminine form.

b)    Singular to plural example:

Гэта мая белая машина (this is my white cat) becomes: Гэта мае белыя машыны (these are my white cats).

As you can see from the example above, the adjective and the possessive pronoun come before the noun and also take the plural form. The plural form of adjectives is the same for all genders, only varying according to cases.

 

case

Belarussian

English

N. what?

мае белыя машыны

My white cars

G. Whose?

мае белыя машыны

My white cars

A. Whom?

мае белыя машыны

My white cars

D.To whom?

Маiм белым машынам

To My white cars

C. by whom?

Whith what?

Маiмi белымi машынамi

With My white cars

O. about what?

Маiх белых машынах

About My white cars


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesBelarusian Adjectives
adjectivesprimyetnіkі - прыметнікі
a green treezyalyonaye dreva - зялёнае дрэва
a tall buildingvisokі boodinak - высокі будынак
a very old manvyelʲmі stari chalavyek - вельмі стары чалавек
the old red housestari chirvoni dom - стары чырвоны дом
a very nice friendvyelʲmі dobri syabar - вельмі добры сябар

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Belarusian.

List of Adjectives in Belarusian

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Belarusian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Belarusian vocabulary.

English AdjectivesBelarusian Adjectives
colorskolyeri - колеры
blackchorni - чорны
bluesіnі - сіні
brownkarichnyevi - карычневы
graysheri - шэры
greenzyalyoni - зялёны
orangearanʐavi - аранжавы
purplefіyalyetavi - фіялетавы
redchirvoni - чырвоны
whitebyeli - белы
yellowʐowti - жоўты
sizespamyeri - памеры
bigvyalіkі - вялікі
deepglibokі - глыбокі
longdowgі - доўгі
narrowvoozkі - вузкі
shortkarotkі - кароткі
smallmali - малы
tallvisokі - высокі
thicktowsti - тоўсты
thintonkі - тонкі
wideshirokі - шырокі
shapesformi - формы
circularkrooglaya/sharapadobnaya - круглая/шарападобная
straightprostaya/pramaya - простая/прамая
squarekvadratnaya - квадратная
triangulartrokhkootnaya/trokhvoogolʲnaya - трохкутная/трохвугольная
tastessmakі - смакі
bittergorkі - горкі
freshsvyeʐi - свежы
saltysalyoni - салёны
sourkіsli - кіслы
spicyvostri - востры
sweetsalodkі - салодкі
qualitiesyakastzі - якасці
baddrenni - дрэнны
cleanchisti - чысты
darktzyomni - цёмны
difficulttzyaʐkі - цяжкі
dirtybroodni - брудны
drysookhі - сухі
easylyogkі - лёгкі
emptypoosti - пусты
expensivedaragі - дарагі
fastkhootkі - хуткі
foreignzamyeʐni - замежны
fullpowni - поўны
gooddobri - добры
hardtzvyordi/ʐorstkі/motzni - цвёрды/жорсткі/моцны
heavytzyaʐkі - цяжкі
inexpensivenyedaragі - недарагі
lightlyogkі - лёгкі
localmyastzovi - мясцовы
newnovi - новы
noisyshoomni - шумны
oldstari - стары
powerfulmagootni - магутны
quiettzіkhі - ціхі
correctpravіlʲni - правільны
slowpavolʲni - павольны
softmyakkі - мяккі
veryvyelʲmі - вельмі
weakslabi - слабы
wetmokri - мокры
wrongnyapravіlʲni/nyaslooshni - няправільны/няслушны
youngmaladi - малады
quantitieskolʲkastzі - колькасці
fewnyashmat/nyamnoga/mala - няшмат/нямнога/мала
littlemala/nyashmat/krikhoo - мала/няшмат/крыху
manyshmat/mnoga/bagata - шмат/многа/багата
muchshmat/mnoga/bagata - шмат/многа/багата
partchastka - частка
somenyekalʲkі/kolʲkі - некалькі/колькі
a fewnyekalʲkі/kolʲkі - некалькі/колькі
wholetzelaye - цэлае

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Belarusian. Once you're done with the Belarussian Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Belarusian lessons here: Learn Belarusian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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