Russian Articles

If you're trying to learn Russian Articles you will find that there is no articles used in Russian. The definite and indefinite articles don't exist in the way we know it in English. But you should still look at the examples below, because they show how Russian deals with the absences of articles. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Russian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Russian Articles

In English articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an". However that doesn't exist in Russian. Here are some examples:

Grammar Tips:

There are no definite or indefinite articles in Russian. Sometimes words like “этот/эта/это/эти” (this, these) are used where in English or Spanish a definite article would be used, and «один/одна/одно» (one) or «какой-то/какая-то/какие-то» is used in place of the indefinite article.

A woman came to me and asked what the time was – Ко мне подошла какая-то женщина и спросила, который час.


Here are some other examples:

English ArticlesRussian Articles
articlesстатьи - statio
the
a
oneодин - odin
someнекоторые - nekotorыe
fewнесколько - neskolioo
the bookкнига - kniga
the booksкниги - knigi
a bookкнига - kniga
one book1 книга - 1 kniga
some booksнекоторые книги - nekotorыe knigi
few booksнесколько книг - neskolioo knig

As you can see from the example above, the structure of no articles in Russian takes a logical pattern.

List of Vocabulary in Russian

Below is a list of vocabulary which should help you with your knowledge of Russian. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Russian vocabulary.

English VocabularyRussian Vocabulary
Foodпитание - pitanie
almondsминдаль - mindalio
breadхлеб - hleb
breakfastзавтрак - zavtrak
butterсливочное масло - slivochnoe maslo
candyконфеты - konfetы
cheeseсыр - sыr
chickenкурица - kurica
cuminтмин - tmin
dessertдесерт - desert
dinnerобед - obed
fishрыба - rыba
fruitфрукты - fruktы
ice creamмороженое - morozenoe
lambягненок - iagnenok
lemonлимон - limon
lunchобед - obed
mealеда - eda
meatмясо - miaso
ovenпечь - pechio
pepperперец - perec
plantsрастения - rastenia
porkсвинина - svinina
saladсалат - salat
saltсоль - solio
sandwichбутерброд - buterbrod
sausageколбаса - kolbasa
soupсуп - sup
sugarсахар - sahar
supperужин - uzin
turkeyиндейка - indeika
appleяблоко - iabloko
bananaбанан - banan
orangesапельсины - apelioinы
peachesперсики - persiki
peanutарахис - arahis
pearsгруши - grushi
pineappleананас - ananas
grapesвиноград - vinograd
strawberriesклубника - klubnika
vegetablesовощи - ovoshti
carrotморковь - morkovio
cornкукуруза - kukuruza
cucumberогурец - ogurec
garlicчеснок - chesnok
lettuceсалат-латук - salat-latuk
olivesоливки - olivki
onionsлук - luk
peppersперцы - percы
potatoesкартофель - kartofelio
pumpkinтыква - tыkva
beansбобы - bobы
tomatoesпомидоры - pomidorы

Definite and Indefinite Articles are not used in Russian, but you still need to know how to create sentences without them. Once you're done with this lesson, you might want to check the rest of our Russian lessons here: Learn Russian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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