Russian Adjectives

Russian Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Russian Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Russian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Russian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Russian Adjectives

Learning the Russian Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Russian.

Russian Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:

In singular form:

Adjectives of masculine gender have flexions (-ой/-ый/-ий)

Adjectives of feminine gender have flexions (-ая/-яя)

Adjectives of neutral gender have flexions (-ое/-ее)

 

To form the plural of adjectives, we change their flexions to (-ые/-ие)

 

Новыйноваяновоеновые (new – masculine, feminine, neutral, plural)

Большой – большая – большое – большие (big)

Последний – последняя – последнее – последние (last)

Русский – русская – русское – русские (Russian)

Хороший – хорошая – хорошее – хорошие (good)

 

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Russian an adjective should agree in gender and number with the noun. For example:

Новый костюм – новая куртка – новое пальто – новые ботинки

Большой дом – большая деревня – большое село – большие неприятности

Последний поезд – последняя электричка – последнее сообщение – последние известия


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesRussian Adjectives
adjectivesприлагательные - prilagatelioыe
a green treeзеленое дерево - zelenoe derevo
a tall buildingвысокое здание - vыsokoe zdanie
a very old manочень старый человек - ocheniostarыi chelovek
the old red houseстарый красный дом - starыi krasnыi dom
a very nice friendочень хороший друг - ocheniohoroshii drug

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Adjectives in Russian has a logical pattern. Locate the Adjectives above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Russian.

List of Adjectives in Russian

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Russian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Russian vocabulary.

English AdjectivesRussian Adjectives
colorsцвета - cveta
blackчерный - chernыi
blueсиний - sinii
brownкоричневый - korichnevыi
grayсерый - serыi
greenзеленый - zelenыi
orangeоранжевый - oranzevыi
purpleпурпурный - purpurnыi
redкрасный - krasnыi
whiteбелый - belыi
yellowжелтый - zeltыi
sizesразмеры - razmerы
bigбольшой - boliooi
deepглубокий - glubokii
longдлинный - dlinnыi
narrowузкий - uzkii
shortкороткий - korotkii
smallнебольшой - neboliooi
tallвысокий - vыsokii
thickтолстый - tolstыi
thinтонкий - tonkii
wideширокий - shirokii
shapesформы - formы
circularкруговой - krugovoi
straightпрямой - priamoi
squareквадратный - kvadratnыi
triangularтреугольный - treugolioыi
tastesвкусы - vkusы
bitterгорький - gorioii
freshсвежий - svezii
saltyсоленый - solenыi
sourкислый - kislыi
spicyострый - ostrыi
sweetсладкий - sladkii
qualitiesкачества - kachestva
badплохой - plohoi
cleanчистый - chistыi
darkтемный - temnыi
difficultтрудный - trudnыi
dirtyгрязный - griaznыi
dryсухой - suhoi
easyлегко - legko
emptyпустой - pustoi
expensiveдорогой - dorogoi
fastбыстрый - bыstrыi
foreignиностранный - inostrannыi
fullполный - polnыi
goodхороший - horoshii
hardжесткий - zestkii
heavyтяжелый - tiazelыi
inexpensiveнедорогой - nedorogoi
lightсвет - svet
localместный - mestnыi
newновый - novыi
noisyшумный - shumnыi
oldстарый - starыi
powerfulмощный - moshtnыi
quietтихий - tihii
correctправильный - pravilioыi
slowмедленный - medlennыi
softмягкий - miagkii
veryочень - ochenio
weakслабый - slabыi
wetмокрый - mokrыi
wrongнеправильный - nepravilioыi
youngмолодой - molodoi
quantitiesколичества - kolichestva
fewнесколько - neskolioo
littleмаленький - malenioii
manyмногие - mnogie
muchмного - mnogo
partчасть - chastio
someнекоторые - nekotorыe
a fewнесколько - neskolioo
wholeцелое - celoe

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Russian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Russian Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Russian lessons here: Learn Russian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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