Lithuanian Cases

If you're trying to learn Lithuanian Cases you will find some useful resources including a course about cases declension... to help you with your Lithuanian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Lithuanian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Lithuanian Cases

Learning the Lithuanian Cases displayed below is vital to the language. In Lithuanian declension (changing of case) of noun and adjectives is very important property of gramar. There are 7 cases Here are some examples:

Grammar Tips:

In English we have, it can be said, prepositional gramar and in Lithuanian - cases and declension.

In Lithuanian (as in all Baltic and Slavic languages, which are most related among other alive languages) declension (changing of case) of noun and adjectives is very important property of gramar. Here we have 7 cases:

Vardininkas (Nominative) – asks queston Kas? (Who?)

Singular: Dievas (nom.) ir dangus (nom.) – God and sky (paradise).

Plural: Dievai (nom.) ir dangūs (nom.) – Gods and skyes (paradises). (In farther Plural is omitted.)

Kilmininkas  (Genitive) - asks queston Ko? Kieno? (Whom?)

Dangus (nom.) yra dievo (gen.). Mes ieškome dangaus (gen.) ir dievo (gen.). – Sky belongs to God. We are looking for paradise and for God.

Naudininkas (Dative) – asks queston Kam? (to whom?)

Galininkas (Accusative) – asks queston Ką? (Who?)

Kad pamatytum dangų (acc.), mylėk dievą (acc.) – If you want to see paradise, you need to love the God.

Įnagininkas (Instrumental) – asks queston Kuo? (using what?)

Dangumi (instr.) ir dievu (instr.) nepasinaudosi. – You can not take and use nor sky (paradise), nor God.

Vietininkas (Locative) – asks queston Kur? Kame? (Where?)

Danguje (loc.) ir dieve (loc.) tvyro ramybė – In the sky and in the God here prevails serenity.

Šauksmininkas (Vocative) – form for invite, call.

O dangau (voc.)! O dieve (voc.)! Šaukiuosi jūsų! – Hey sky! Hey God! I call for you!

 

Here we have in Lithuanian 5 declensions which take in 12 paradigms (in example above we had dangus from paradigm 5 and dievas from paradigm 1):

Flexion of Nominative (Singular)

Flexion of Dative (Plural)

Paradigm

Declension

-as

-ams

1

(i)a

-ias

-iams

2

-is, -ys

-iams

3

-us

-ums

4

(i)u

-ius

-iams

5

-a

-oms

6

(i)o

-ia, -i

-ioms

7

-ėms

8

ė

-is

-ims

9

i

-is

-ims

10

-uo

-ims

11

-uo, -ė

-ims

12


Cases and declension have a very important role in Lithuanian. Once you're done with Lithuanian Cases, you might want to check the rest of our Lithuanian lessons here: Learn Lithuanian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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