Learn Javanese

Grammar Vocabulary

If you're trying to learn Javanese, check our courses below about adjectives, adverbs, articles, gender (feminine, masculine...), negation, nouns, numbers, phrases, plural, prepositions, pronouns, questions, verbs, vocabulary, excercises... to help you with your Javanese grammar. Below are our free Javanese lessons. Enjoy our courses!

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Javanese Lessons

Reading Adjectives Adverbs Articles
Feminine Nouns Numbers Phrases
Plural Pronouns Verbs Vocabulary
Translation Dictionary Video Audio
Keyboard Transliteration Javanese

It belongs to the Austronesian (Malayo-Polynesian) family, Indonesian group, and is spoken by over 70 million people, chiefly in central and eastern Java. The Javanese dialect spoken in Yogyakarta (Jogja) or Surakarta (Solo) in central Java is considered the standard Javanese because they were, historically speaking, the capital cities of the Javanese culture. It is actually a multi-level language where the level spoken is in direct relationship to the social status or politeness required between the individual speakers.

In other words, Javanese is known for having two "status styles" of expression: regular (shown in dictionaries as N for Ngoko) and respect (K for Krama, pronounced "kromo"). There are about 900 Krama words that are used in a respect style. In addition, about 500 modesty (KI for Krama Inggil) words can be mixed into the regular or respect styles. There are also a smaller number of middle (Madya, pronounced "madyo") words that sit between the regular and respect styles. The language of religion is called "Jawa Halus" (High Javanese) and many words are based on Sanskrit and Kawi, an old literary language. Both Latin and traditional Jawi (Arabic) scripts are used.

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