Latin Plural

Latin Plural

If you're trying to learn Latin Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Latin grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Latin Plural

Learning the Latin Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Latin language. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Latin.

Latin Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:


While in English, the plural is formed by adding an ending to the singular form that is determined by the declension of the noun. In 1st declension Latin, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives in the nominative (subject case) we add (-ae). Here are some examples:
For porta (gate)

 

Singular

Plural

Nominative (Subject)

porta

portae

Genitive (Possessive)

portae

portārum

Dative (Indirect Object)

portae

portīs

Accusative (Direct Object)

portam

portās

Ablative (Adverbial)

portā

portīs


Use mnemonic devices whenever possible to help you remember endings. For instance, the 1st declension noun/adjective endings fit to the song Jingle Bells: A, AE, AE, A…M, Long A, AE. Long ARUM, Long IS, Long AS, Long I… S!  Tip: say each letter.
porta (a gate) becomes: portae (gates)
Haec puella (this girl) becomes: hae puellae (these girls)
Haec bella puella (this pretty girl) becomes: hae bellae puellae (these pretty girls)


Here are some examples:

English PluralLatin Plural
Pluralpluralia
my bookmeus liber
my booksmei libri
our daughternostra filia
our daughtersnostrae filiae
I'm coldgravedine tentor
we're coldgravedine tentamur
his chickenssui pulli
their chickensuus pullus

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Plural in Latin has a logical pattern. Locate the Plural above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Latin.

List of Plurals in Latin

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Latin placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English PluralLatin Plural
alligatorcrocodilus
alligatorscrocodili
bearursus
bearsursi
birdavis
birdsaves
bullbos
bullsboves
catfeles
catsfeles
cowvacca
cowsvaccae
deer cervus
many deermulti cervi
dog canis
dogscanes
donkeymulus
donkeysmuli
eagle aquila
eaglesaquilae
elephantelephantus
elephantselephanti
giraffecamelopardalis
giraffescamelopardales
goatcapra
goatscaprae
horse equus
horsesequi
lion Leo
lionsleones
monkeysimia
monkeyssimiae
mousemus
micemures
rabbitcuniculus
rabbitscuniculi
snakeserpens
snakesserpentes
tigertigris
tigerstigres
wolf lupus
wolveslupi

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Latin, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Latin Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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