Latin Numbers

If you're trying to learn Latin Numbers you will find some useful resources including a course about Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers... to help you with your Latin grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Latin Numbers

Learning the Latin Numbers is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Latin language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in Latin.

Latin cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

Grammar Tips:


In Latin numbers from 1 to 10 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually. Numbers from 11 and upwards are formed by using the following pattern: first 2 or 3 letters plus ten (decim). For example 13 tredecim can be formed by using 10 + 3 while connecting them. Higher numerals are formed by stating twenty, thirty, etc. and the digit following.   22 = vīgintī duo. 45 can be formed by quadrāgintā quīnque.


Here are some examples:

English NumbersLatin Numbers
numbersnumeri cardinales
oneunus
twoduo
threetres
fourquattuor
fivequinque
sixsex
sevenseptem
eightocto
ninenovem
tendecem
elevenundecim
twelveduodecim
thirteentredecim
fourteenquattuordecim
fifteenquindecim
sixteensedecim
seventeenseptemdecim
eighteenduodeviginti
nineteenundeviginti
twentyviginti
hundredcentum
one thousandmille
milliondecies centena milia

Notice the structure of the Numbers in Latin.

List of Ordinal Numbers in Latin

Latin Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in Latin. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English NumbersLatin Numbers
Ordinal Numbersnumeri ordinales
firstprimus
secondsecundus
thirdtertius
fourthquartus
fifthquintus
sixthsextus
seventhseptimus
eighthoctavus
ninthnonus
tenthdecimus
eleventhundecimus
twelfthduodecimus
thirteenthtertius decimus
fourteenthquartus decimus
fifteenthquintus decimus
sixteenthsextus decimus
seventeenthseptimus decimus
eighteenthduodevicesimus
nineteenthundevicesimus
twentiethvicesimus
once quondam
twicebis

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Latin. Once you're done with Latin Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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