Latin Feminine

If you're trying to learn Latin Feminine you will find some useful resources including a course about genders: Feminine and Masculine... to help you with your Latin grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Latin Feminine

Learning the Latin Feminine is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Latin language. But first we need to know what the role of Feminine is in the structure of the grammar in Latin.

Latin feminine refers to female qualities attributed specifically to women and girls or things considered feminine. The complement to feminine is masculine.

Grammar Tips:


Nouns in Latin have a gender assigned to them. They will always be masculine, feminine or neuter.  You will never change a noun’s gender.  Adjectives change their endings to match the gender of the noun. To form the root of a noun before adding the necessary ending, always look to the genitive form.  Here are some examples:

Examples. Nominative, Genitive: Gender # declension
rosa, rosae: feminine 1st declension
puer, puerī: masculine 2nd declension
dōnum, dōnī: neuter 2nd declension
rēx, rēgis: masculine 3rd declension
virtūs, virtūtis: feminine 3rd declension
corpus, corporis: neuter 3rd declension

Note: Third I-stem, Fourth and Fifth declensions also exist.  There are several exceptions to the rule for each type. For example: nauta, nautae (sailer) is masculine even though it looks like it should be feminine.  So a strong sailor would be magnus nauta.


Here are some examples:

English FeminineLatin Feminine
Femininegenus femininum
he is happyis est laetus
she is happyea est laeta
he is Americanis est Americanus
she is Americanea est Americana
manvir
womanmulier
fatherpater
mothermater
brotherfrater
sistersoror
unclepatruus / avunculus
auntamita / matertera
bullbovis
cowvacca
boypuer
girlpuella

Notice the structure of the Feminine in Latin.

List of Feminine in Latin

Below is a list of objects, can you determine whether they're feminine, masculine or plural in Latin? Memorizing this table will also help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English VocabularyLatin Vocabulary
objectsres
bathroombalineum
bedcubile
bedroomcubiculum
ceilingtectum
chaircathedra
clothesvestes
coatpaenula
cuppoculum
deskmensa litteraria
dressvestis
floorpavimentum
forkfurcilla
furnituresupellex supellectilis
glasspoculum
hatcapitis tegumentum
housedomus
inkatramentum
jacketdalmatica
kitchenculina
knifeculter
lamplucerna
letterepistula
maptabula geographica
newspaperacta diurna
notebooklibellus
pantsbracae
papercharta
pencalamus
pencilgraphis
pharmacymedicamentarii taberna
picturetabula picta
platepatina
refrigeratorcella frigidaria
restaurantcaupona
rooftectum
roomconclave
rugtapetum
scissorsforfex
shampoolavatio comae
shirtsubucula
shoescalcei
soapsapo
sockstibialia
spooncochlear
tablemensa
toiletlocus sordidus
toothbrushparvus peniculus
toothpastedentifricium
towelmantele
umbrellaumbrella
underwearsubligar
wallparies
walletsacculus
windowfenestra
telephonetelephonum

Feminine and Masculine have a very important role in Latin. Once you're done with Latin Feminine, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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