Latin Articles

If you're trying to learn Latin Articles you will find that there is no articles used in Latin. The definite and indefinite articles don't exist in the way we know it in English. But you should still look at the examples below, because they show how Latin deals with the absences of articles. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Latin Articles

In English articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an". However that doesn't exist in Latin. Here are some examples:

Grammar Tips:


Definite Article:
Unlike English, which has only one definite article “the", Latin has 0 articles.  Saying “the” or “a/an” is understood.

Indefinite Article:
Latin uses demonstrative pronouns for specifying which noun, e.g. “this” or “that.”
hic (masculine singular), hic liber (this book)
illa (feminine singular) illa domina (that mistress)
hoc  (neuter singular) hoc verbum (this word)
(masculine plural) hī librī (these books)
illae(feminine plural) illae dominae (those ladies)
haec (neuter singular) haec verba (this word)

Example: Dominae illō librō haec verba scribiēbam. (I wrote these words from that Mistress’ book)


Here are some examples:

English ArticlesLatin Articles
articlesarticuli
the
a(no equivalent)
oneunus
somealiquis
fewpauci
the bookliber
the bookslibri
a bookliber
one bookunus liber
some booksaliqui libri
few bookspauci libri

As you can see from the example above, the structure of no articles in Latin takes a logical pattern.

List of Vocabulary in Latin

Below is a list of vocabulary which should help you with your knowledge of Latin. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English VocabularyLatin Vocabulary
Foodcibus
almondsamygdalae
breadpanis
breakfastientaculum
butterbutyrum
candycrustulum
cheesecaseus
chickenpullus
cumin *
dessertbellaria
dinnerprandium
fishpiscis piscis
fruitfructus
ice creamgelida sorbitio
lambcaro agnina
lemoncitreum
lunchprandium
mealprandium
meat caro
oven fornax
pepper piper
plantsarbores
porksus
saladlactuca
salt sal salis
sandwichpanis fartus
sausagebotulus
soup ius
sugarsaccharum
suppercena
turkeygallus Indicus
apple pomum
banana banana
orangesaurea mala
peachespersica
peanutamericana nux
pearspira
pineapple*
grapesuvae
strawberriesfraga
vegetablesolus
carrotcarota
cornzea
cucumbercucumis
garlicalium
lettuce lactuca
olivesolivae
onionscaepae
pepperspipera
potatoessolani tubera
pumpkincucurbita
beansphaseli
tomatoessolana lycopersica

Definite and Indefinite Articles are not used in Latin, but you still need to know how to create sentences without them. Once you're done with this lesson, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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