Punjabi Alphabet

If you're trying to learn the Punjabi Alphabet which is also called Panjabi, check our courses about pronunciation, and sound of all letters... to help you with your Punjabi grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and memorize the sounds. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Punjabi. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

Punjabi Alphabet

Learning the Punjabi alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Punjabi language.

Below is a table showing the Punjabi alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ) Gurmukhi (Punjabi)EnglishPronunciation Example

ਓੂੜਾOo'rhaao' as in room

ਐੜਾAi'rhaaa' as in hat

ਈੜੀEe'rheee' as in energy

ਸੱਸਾsas'saas' as in same

ਹਾਹਾhaa'haah' as in home

ਕੱਕਾKak'kaak' as in Kate, kite

ਖੱਖਾkhakh'khaa'kh' as in khan, khaki

ਗੱਗਾgag'gaag' as in God

ਘੱਘਾghag'ghaa'gh' as in aghast, ghost

ਙੰਙਾNgan'ngaa'ng' as in England

ਚੱਚਾchach'chaach' as in change

ਛੱਛਾchhachh'chhaach' as in cheddar more like ch/sh robustly aspirated

ਜੱਜਾjaj'jaaj' as in Japan

ਝੱਝਾjhaj'jhaapronounced as harder stressed 'j' as in jolt more robustly aspirated

ਞੰਞਾNjan'njaaThere is no English equivalent of this sound

ਟੈਂਕਾtain'kaat' as in Tom

ਠੱਠਾthath'thaa'th' harder th as in river Thames

ਡੱਡਾddad'daad' as in daddy

ਢੱਢਾdhad'daadd' as in daddy

ਣਾਣਾnhaa'nhaaPronounced like English 'n' with tip of tongue upwards touching palette of mouth

ਤੱਤਾtat'taat' softer unaspirated t as inTim

ਥੱਥਾthath'thaa'th' as in Thailand

ਦੱਦਾdad'daath' softer th as in 'then'

ਧੱਧਾdhad'daa'th' stressed th seventh

ਨੱਨਾnan'naan' as in name

ਪੱਪਾpap'paap' as in papa

ਫੱਫਾphaph'phaa'ph' as in philosopher

ਬੱਬਾbab'baab' as in baby

ਭੱਭਾbhab'baathere is no English equivalent of this sound more like bha combined together

ਮੱਮਾmam'maam' as in mother

ਯੱਯਾyay'yaay' as in yellow

ਰਾਰਾra'raar' as in run

ਲੱਲਾlal'laal' as in lake

ਵੱਵਾvav'vaav' as in Victor

ੜਾੜਾrhar'rhaa'rr' hard double r

ਸ਼ੱਸ਼ਾshash'shaash' as in shade


ਖ਼ੱਖ਼ਾkha'khaa'kh' as in khan or as 'ch' As in the Scottish Loch


ਗ਼ੱਗ਼ਾgag'gaag' as in good

ਜ਼ੱਜ਼ਾZaz'zaaz' as in zebra


ਫ਼ੱਫ਼ਾfaf'faa'ph' as in philosopher


ਲ਼ੱਲ਼ਾlal'laal' as in land

Vowels in Gurmukhi (Punjabi)There are 10 vowels.
Vowel Sign (broken circle represents a alphabet)pronunciationName of vowelexample
invisible is with every consonantaਮੁਕਤਾ muktāਸ sa

āਕੰਨਾ kannāਸਾ sā


Iਸਿਹਾਰੀ sihārīਸਿ si

īਬਿਹਾਰੀ bihārīਸੀ sī

uਔਂਕੜ auṅkaṛਸੁ su

ūਦੁਲੈਂਕੜ dulaiṅkaṛਸੂ sū

ēਲਾਂਵਾਂ lāṃvāṃਸੇ sē

aiਦੁਲਾਂਵਾਂ dulāṃvāṃਸੈ sai

ōਹੋੜਾ hōṛāਸੋ sō

auਕਨੌੜਾ kanauṛāਸੌ sau

Nasal signs>

ਬਿੰਦੀ bindīIt's sound is same as 'n' in land, sand

ਟਿੱਪੀ ṭippīIts sound is same as 'n' in punch, lunch

ਅਧਕ adhak double sound to the particular consonant that it is assigned to

Punjabi Pronunciation

You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio. Below you will be able to hear how the letters above are pronounced, just press the play button:

Punjabi Pronunciation

The alphabet and its pronunciation have a very important role in Punjabi. Once you're done with the Panjabi alphabet, you might want to check the rest of our Punjabi lessons here: Learn Punjabi. Don't forget to bookmark this page.





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