Turkish Plural

If you're trying to learn Turkish Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Turkish grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Turkish. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Turkish Plural

Learning the Turkish Plural displayed below is vital to the language. Turkish Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular, in Turkish, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives we add (-lar)  or (-ler) to words. Here are some examples:

kitap (a book ) becomes: kitap-lar (books)

kalem  (a pen or a pencil) becomes: kalem-ler (pens or pencils)

köprü  (a bridge) becomes: köprü-ler (bridges)

In Turkish the last vowel of the word determines whether the suffix will be -ler or –lar. The rule is simple: If the last vowel is one of  “a, ı, o, u” the suffix should be –lar; if the vowel is one of “e, i, ö, ü” the suffix should be –ler


Here are some examples:

English PluralTurkish Plural
PluralÇoğul
my bookkitabım
my bookskitaplarım
our daughterkızımız
our daughterskızlarımız
I'm coldÜşüyorum
we're coldüşüyoruz
his chickenstavukları
their chickentavukları

Notice the structure of the Plural in Turkish.

List of Plurals in Turkish

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Turkish placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Turkish vocabulary.

English PluralTurkish Plural
alligatortimsah
alligatorstimsahlar
bearayı
bearsayılar
birdkuş
birdskuşlar
bullboğa
bullsboğalar
catkedi
catskediler
cowinek
cowsinekler
deergeyik
many deerbir çok geyik
dogköpek
dogsKöpekler
donkeyeşek
donkeyseşekler
eaglekartal
eagleskartallar
elephantfil
elephantsfiller
giraffezürafa
giraffeszürafalar
goatkeçi
goatskeçiler
horseat
horsesatlar
lionaslan
lionsaslanlar
monkeymaymun
monkeysmaymunlar
mousefare
micefareler
rabbittavşan
rabbitstavşanlar
snakeyılan
snakesyılanlar
tigerkaplan
tigerskaplanlar
wolfkurt
wolveskurtlar

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Turkish. Once you're done with Turkish Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Turkish lessons here: Learn Turkish. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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