Turkish Alphabet

If you're trying to learn the Turkish Alphabet you will find some useful resources including a course about pronunciation, and sound of all letters... to help you with your Turkish grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and memorize the sounds. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Turkish. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Turkish Alphabet

Learning the Turkish alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Turkish language.

Below is a table showing the Turkish alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

Turkish AlphabetEnglish SoundPronunciation Example
A a/a/'a' as in father
B b/b/'b' as in book
C c/dʒ/'j' as in Joke
Ç ç/tʃ/'ch' as in chimpanzee
D d/d/'d' as in day
E e/e/, /ɛ/'e' as in red or 'a' as in cat
F f/f/'f' as in far
G g/ɡ/, /ɟ/'g' as in game
Ğ ğ/ɣ/1No equivalent, watch video below
H h/h/'h' as in hot
I ı/ɯ/'e' as in open
İ i/i/'i' as in machine
J j/ʒ/'s' as in pleasure
K k/k/, /c/'k' as in kilo
L l/l/, /ɫ/'l' as in life
M m/m/'m' as in master
N n/n/'n' as in nice
O o/o/'o' as in more
Ö ö/ø/'u' as in turn
P p/p/'p' as in spin
R r/ɾ/the 'r' as in car
S s/s/'s' as in smile
Ş ş/ʃ/'sh' as in shine
T t/t/'t' as in stop
U u/u/'u' as in ultimate
Ü ü/y/'u' as in cube
V v/v/'v' as in victory
Y y/j/'y' as in you
Z z/z/'z' as in zigzag

Turkish Pronunciation

You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio. Below you will be able to hear how the letters above are pronounced, just press the play button:

Turkish Pronunciation

The alphabet and its pronunciation have a very important role in Turkish. Once you're done with Turkish alphabet, you might want to check the rest of our Turkish lessons here: Learn Turkish. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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