Swahili Articles

If you're trying to learn Swahili Articles which is also called Kiswahili, check our courses about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your Swahili grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Swahili. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Swahili Articles

Learning the Swahili Articles displayed below is vital to the language. Swahili articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".

Grammar Tips:

Definite Article:

UnlikeEnglish, which has only one definite article “the", Swahili has no definite and indefinite articles articlesand does not differentiate things/words according to gender.

For example:Mtu (Person) can either be a man or a woman, Mtoto( child) can be male orfemale.

When we say-Mtu mmoja amekuja( one person has come)- it can be either a man or a woman.

However,there are also specific names for men and women

For example;

mwanamme(man)mwanamke(woman), mvulana(boy) msichana(girl)

 

For thethings, there are not labeled according to gender

For example

Kitabu(book)nyumba( house) – plural Vitabu(books) Nyumba(houses)

You noticethat these are in another class as discussed in the section of nouns. Kitabu (book)is in the class of KI-VI and nyumba is in the class of I-ZI.

So we say:

 kitabuni kizuri (a (the) book is good) and in plural vitabu ni vizuri(the books are good)

Nyumba imejengwa(a(the)house has been built) and in plural nyumba zimejengwa( the houses havebeen built)

 

You notice that in the second example the noun does not change but you can see the pluralin the sentence construction.


Here are some examples:

English ArticlesSwahili Articles
articlesmakala
thenot normally used
anot normally used
onemmoja
somebaadhi
fewchache
the bookkitabu
the booksvitabu
a bookkitabu
one bookkitabu kimoja
some booksbaadhi ya vitabu
few booksvitabu vichache

Notice the structure of the Articles in Swahili.

List of Articles in Swahili

Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Swahili. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Swahili vocabulary.

English VocabularySwahili Vocabulary
Foodchakula
almondsalmonds
breadmkate
breakfastkifungua kinywa
buttersiagi
candyperemende
cheesejibini/chizi
chickenkuku
cuminkisibiti
dessertjangwa
dinnerchakula cha jioni
fishsamaki
fruitmatunda
ice creamice cream
lambmwana kondoo
lemonndimu
lunchchakula cha mchana
mealchakula
meatnyama
ovenjiko
pepperpilipili
plantsmimea
porknguruwe
saladmchanganyiko wa mboga/matunda
saltchumvi
sandwichsandwichi
sausagesoseji
soupsupu
sugarsukari
supperkaramu
turkeybata mzinga
appletofaa
bananandizi
orangesmachungwa
peachesmafyulizi
peanutnjugu
pearsmapea
pineapplemananasi
grapeszabibu
strawberriesjordgubbar
vegetablesmboga
carrotkaroti
cornmahindi
cucumbertango
garlickitunguu saumu
lettucekabeji
olivesmizaituni
onionsvitunguu
pepperspilipili
potatoesviazi
pumpkinmalenge
beansmaharagwe
tomatoesnyanya

Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Swahili. Once you're done with the Kiswahili Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Swahili lessons here: Learn Swahili. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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