Swahili Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Swahili Adjectives which is also called Kiswahili, check our courses about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Swahili grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Swahili. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Swahili Adjectives

Learning the Swahili Adjectives displayed below is vital to the language. Swahili Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Swahili an adjective should agree with noun class. For example:

a)    Mtoto mzuri amefika ( a good child has arrived)

b)    Kiti kizuri kimetengenezwa( a good chair has been made)

c)    Gari zuri limeletwa( a good car has been brought)

All the above examples arein singular.

As you can realize, thestem is –zuri and after you add the prefixes of the noun class.


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesSwahili Adjectives
adjectivesVivumishi
a green treeMti wa kijani Kibichi
a tall buildingJengo ndefu
a very old manmzee mkongwe/ mtu mzee sana
the old red houseNyumba nyekundu iliozeeka sana
a very nice friendrafiki mzuri sana

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Swahili.

List of Adjectives in Swahili

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Swahili placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Swahili vocabulary.

English AdjectivesSwahili Adjectives
colorsrangi
blackNyeusi
bluebluu
brownhudhurungi
graykijivu
greenKijani Kibichi
orangeChungwa
purplezambarau
rednyekundu
whitenyeupe
yellowmanjano
sizesKimo/Vimo
bigUkubwa
deepkina kirefu
longurefu
narrowWembamba
shortUfupi
smallUdogo
tallUrefu
thickUnene
thinWembamba
wideupana
shapesmaumbo
circularmviringo
straightunyofu
squaremraba
triangularPembe tatu
tastesladha
bitterChungu
freshupya
saltychumvi
sourchacha
spicychenye viungo
sweettamu
qualitiessifa
badmbaya
cleansafi
darkgiza
difficultNgumu
dirtychafu
drykavu
easyrahisi
emptytupu
expensiveghali
fastHaraka
foreignGeni
fullJaa
goodNjema
hardngumu
heavynzito
inexpensiveBei rahisi
lightNyepesi
localKienyeji
newMpya
noisykelele
oldzee
powerfulhodari
quiettulivu
correctsahihi
slowpolepole
softlaini
verysana
weakdhaifu
wetloa
wrongmakosa
youngUjana
quantitieskiasi
fewChache
littlekidogo
manywengi
muchzaidi
partsehemu
somebaadhi
a fewChache
wholenzima

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Swahili. Once you're done with the Kiswahili Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Swahili lessons here: Learn Swahili. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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