Polish Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Polish Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Polish grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Polish. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Polish Adjectives

Learning the Polish Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Polish language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Polish.

Polish Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Polish an adjective should agree in gender, number and case with the noun. For example:

a)    Masculine to feminine example:

To jest mój mały syn (this is my little son) becomes: To jest moja mała córka (this is my little daughter)

As you can see from the example above, the adjective comes after the noun and also takes the feminine form.

b)    Singular to plural example:

To jest mój biały kot (this is my white cat) becomes: To są moje białe koty (these are my white cats).

As you can see from the example above, the adjective comes after the noun and also takes the plural form.

In Polish there are also different suffixes for separate cases. The form of the adjective also takes the noun’s case.


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesPolish Adjectives
adjectivesprzymiotniki
a green treezielone drzewo
a tall buildingwysoki budynek
a very old manbardzo stary człowiek/ mężczyzna
the old red housestary czerwony dom
a very nice friendbardzo miły przyjaciel

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Polish.

List of Adjectives in Polish

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Polish placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Polish vocabulary.

English AdjectivesPolish Adjectives
colorskolory
blackczarny
blueniebieski
brownbrązowy
grayszary
greenzielony
orangepomarańczowy
purplepurpurowy
redczerwony
whitebiały
yellowżółty
sizesrozmiary
bigduży
deepgłęboki
longdługi
narrowwąski
shortkrótki
smallmały
tallwysoki
thickgruby
thincienki
wideszeroki
shapeskształty
circularokrągły
straightprosty
squarekwadratowy
triangulartrójkątny
tastessmaki
bittergorzki
freshświeży
saltysłony
sourkwaśny
spicypikantny
sweetsłodki
qualitiescechy, właściwości
badzły
cleanczysty
darkciemny
difficulttrudny
dirtybrudny
drysuchy
easyłatwy
emptypusty
expensivedrogi
fastszybki
foreignzagraniczny
fullpełny
gooddobry
hardtwardy
heavyciężki
inexpensivetani
lightlekki
locallokalny
newnowy
noisyhałaśliwy
oldstary
powerfulpotężny
quietcichy
correctpoprawny
slowpowolny
softmiękki
verybardzo
weaksłaby
wetmokry
wrongzły/ niewłaściwy/ błędny
youngmłody
quantitiesilość
fewmało/ niewiele
littlemało/ niewiele
manywiele
muchdużo/ wiele
partczęść
somekilka/ parę
a fewkilka
wholecaly

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Polish. Once you're done with Polish Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Polish lessons here: Learn Polish. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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