Learning the Italian Articles is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Italian language. But first we need to know what the role of Articles is in the structure of the grammar in Italian.
Italian articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".
which has only one definite article “the” for both singular and plural, Italian
has 4 different articles, also depending on genre:
Italian DEFINITE ARTICLES
/ lo *
Ex. IL gatto (the cat), I
bambini (the children)
LA casa (the house),
LE rose (the roses)
* Notice: the masculine
article can vary according to the initial letter of the word; in Italian
not a specific rule, but there are just some few words requiring LO/GLI
IL/I, for ex.: LO zaino (the rucksack), LO studio (studying), LO
GLI gnocchi (a type of pasta), GLI avvisi (the announcements), etc.
can check them on the dictionary]
Italian INDEFINITE ARTICLES
Ex. UN topo
(a mouse), UNO zaino (a rucksack);
for the definite article, there are some few cases of words requiring the
instead of UN
(they are more or less the same used for the definite examples).
(a t-shirt), UN’ amica (a friend –female person-)
the full form is used when the feminine word starts with a consonant, while the
form is used
when the word starts with a vowel.
indefinite SOME / ANY is translated with
ALCUNI, QUALCHE, DEI, DELLE, DEL, UN PO’
DI, NESSUNO (according to the contexts).
Here are some examples:
- Some apples: ALCUNE/DELLE
- I don’t see any
book here: non vedo NESSUN libro qui
- There are some
interesting articles on this magazine: ci sono DEGLI articoli
interessanti su questa rivista / c’è QUALCHE articolo
interessante su questa rivista
the different use of singular and plural form, according to the choice of the
have some important things to say: ho DELLE cose importanti da dire
- Some guests came
yesterday: QUALCHE ospite è venuto ieri (NOTICE the use of singular
form with “qualche”)
Here are some more examples:
|English Articles||Italian Articles|
|the book||il libro|
|the books||i libri|
|a book||un libro|
|one book||un libro|
|some books||alcuni libri|
|few books||pochi libri|
As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Articles in Italian has a logical pattern. Locate the Articles above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Italian.
English, which has only one definite article “the", Italian has 6 definite articles:
singular), il libro (the book)
singular) lo scopo (the purpose)
I (masculine plural) i libri
Gli (masculine plural) gli
scopi (the purposes)
singular) la casa (the house)
Le (feminine plural) le case
have (a / an / some) in English as indefinite articles, we also have un/uno, una. in Italian. In case of
plural we use words like alcuni, dei, un po’ di etc.
whenever (a, an) are used in English, you need to use (un, uno) or (una)
to say the equivalent in Italian.
singular), un libro (a book)
singular) uno scopo (a purpose)
Una (feminine plural)
una casa (a house)
Example: I libri che posseggo sono in una casa di un amico (The books
I have are in a house of a friend)
List of Articles in Italian
Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Italian. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Italian vocabulary.
|English Vocabulary||Italian Vocabulary|
|pork||carne di maiale|
|soup||soup = minestra, brodo = broth|
Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Italian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Italian Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Italian lessons here: Learn Italian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.