Icelandic Plural

If you're trying to learn Icelandic Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Icelandic grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Icelandic. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Icelandic Plural

Learning the Icelandic Plural displayed below is vital to the language. Icelandic Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular.

Icelandic has three genders (masculine, feminine, neuter), two numbers (singular, plural) and four cases (nominative, accusative, dative, genitive).

Nouns have either a strong or a weak declension, the latter being simpler than the former.

Following are a few examples of declensions. The first two are masculine, the second two feminine. The words are the masculine hlutur (object, thing); nemandi (student), gjöf (gift, present) and saga (story). The neuter declension is similar.

 

Singular:        (strong)          (weak)                                    (strong)          (weak)

Nom:               Hlutur              Nemandi                     Gjöf                 Saga

Acc:                Hlut                 Nemanda                   Gjöf                 Sögu

Dat:                 Hlut                 Nemanda                   Gjöf                 Sögu

Gen:                Hlutar              Nemanda                   Gjafar             Sögu

 

Plural:

Nom:               Hlutir               Nemendur                  Gjafir               Sögur

Acc:                Hluti                Nemendur                  Gjafir               Sögur

Dat:                 Hlutum                        Nemendum                Gjöfum           Sögum

Gen:                Hluta               Nemenda                   Gjafa               Sagna

 

Notes:

The dative plural always ends in -um. The genitive plural always ends in -a.

In the neuter, the nominative and accusative are always identical.

Vowels often change in the declension (e.g. saga vs. sögu above). This is too complex to cover in a short introduction, but the main point is that a vowel can influence a preceding vowel.

 

There is no indefinite article but nouns can be made definite by appending an article (nemandinn (the student), sagan (the story).


Here are some examples:

English PluralIcelandic Plural
PluralFleirtala
my bookBókin mín
my booksbækurnar mínar
our daughterdóttir okkar
our daughtersdætur okkar
I'm coldmér er kalt
we're coldokkur er kalt
his chickenskjúklingarnir hans
their chickenkjúklingarnir þeirra

Notice the structure of the Plural in Icelandic.

List of Plurals in Icelandic

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Icelandic placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Icelandic vocabulary.

English PluralIcelandic Plural
alligatorkrókódíll
alligatorskrókódílar
bearbjörn
bearsbirnir
birdfugl
birdsfuglar
bullnaut
bullsnaut
catköttur
catskettir
cowkýr
cowskýr
deerhjörtur
many deermargir hirtir
doghundur
dogshundar
donkeyasni
donkeysasnar
eagleörn
eaglesernir
elephantfíll
elephantsfílar
giraffegíraffi
giraffesgíraffar
goatgeit
goatsgeitur
horsehestur
horseshestar
lionljón
lionsljón
monkeyapi
monkeysapar
mousemús
micemýs
rabbitkanína
rabbitskanínur
snakesnákur
snakessnákar
tigerTígrisdýr
tigerstígrisdýr
wolfúlfur
wolvesúlfar

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Icelandic. Once you're done with Icelandic Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Icelandic lessons here: Learn Icelandic. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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