Georgian Questions

If you're trying to learn Georgian Questions you will find some useful resources including a course about Questions and interrogative expressions... to help you with your Georgian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Georgian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


Georgian Questions

Learning the Georgian Questions is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Georgian language. But first we need to know what the role of Questions is in the structure of the grammar in Georgian.

Georgian questions may be either a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or else the request itself made by such an expression. Usually it starts with why, how, where, when.

Grammar Tips:

In Georgian the questions are formatted through intonation in order to get a Yes No answer.

-       You take the affirmative sentence and pronounce it with corresponding intonation and put question mark at the end, which indicates the interrogative sentence.

Example: es wigni ninosia. – es wigni ninosia?

Unlike English, the auxiliaries do and does are not used.

Another option for forming a WH question – or the General quest is using the question words,

ra (what)? ramdeni (how much)? romeli (which)? Vin (who)? visi (whose)? risa (which)? Which stands at the beginning of the sentence.

-Question word +Verb + the other parts of the sentence

The question mark stands at the beginning of the sentence while the rest of the sentence remains as in the affirmative.

- ra Rirs es wigni? (how much is this book?)

- visia es wigni? (whose book is this?)

-Finally you can also make a question by adding a tag question to the end of a statement –you take the sentence in affirmative, and put the -ara? Or the phrase – gana ase ar aris? at the end.

- es wigni ninosia, ara? (This book is Nino’s, isn’t it).

- es wigni ninosia, gana ase ar aris? (This book is Nino’s, isn’t it).

Here are some examples:

English QuestionsGeorgian Questions
Questionsk'itkhvebi - კითხვები
how?rogor? - როგორ?
what?ra? - რა?
who?vin? - ვინ?
why?rat'om? - რატომ?
where?sad? - სად?

Notice the structure of the Questions in Georgian.

List of Questions in Georgian

Below is a list of the Questions and interrogative expressions in Georgian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Georgian vocabulary.

English QuestionsGeorgian Questions
where is he?is sad aris? - ის სად არის?
what is this?ra aris es? - რა არის ეს?
why are you sad?rat'om khar mots'qenili? - რატომ ხარ მოწყენილი?
how do you want to pay?rogor gadaikhdit? - როგორ გადაიხდით?
can I come?sheidzleba movide? - შეიძლება მოვიდე?
is he sleeping?mas sdzinavs? - მას სძინავს?
do you know me?mitsnobt? - მიცნობთ?
do you have my book?gakvt chems ts'igni? - გაქვთ ჩემს წიგნი?
how big is it?ramdenad didia? - რამდენად დიდია?
can I help you?shemidzlia dagekhmarot? - შემიძლია დაგეხმაროთ?
can you help me?ver damekhmarebit? - ვერ დამეხმარებით?
do you speak English?tkven lap'arak'obt inglisurad? - თქვენ ლაპარაკობთ ინგლისურად?
how far is this?ramdenad shors aris es? - რამდენად შორს არის ეს?
what time is it?romeli saatia? - რომელი საათია?
how much is this?ra ghirs? - რა ღირს?
what is your name?ra gkvia? - რა გქვია?
where do you live?sad tskhovrobt? - სად ცხოვრობთ?

Questions and interrogative expressions have a very important role in Georgian. Once you're done with Georgian Questions, you might want to check the rest of our Georgian lessons here: Learn Georgian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.