Galician Verbs

If you're trying to learn Galician Verbs you will find some useful resources including a course about Verbs in the present past and future tense... to help you with your Galician grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Galician. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Galician Verbs

Learning the Galician Verbs displayed below is vital to the language. Galician verbs are words that convey action (bring, read, walk, run), or a state of being (exist, stand). In most languages a verb may agree with the person, gender, and/or number of some of its arguments, such as its subject, or object.

Grammar Tips:

-       Present Tense

In Galician, verbs take the following endings to form the present tense:

 

Eu ...  -o                                                          Nós ... -mos

 

Ti ... -as/-es                                                    Vós ... -des

                       

El/Ela ... -a/-e                                                  Eles/Elas ... -an/-en

 

FALAR (to speak)                               COMER (to eat)                                 DURMIR (to sleep)

 

Eu falo                                                            Eu como                                             Eu durmo

Ti falas                                                Ti comes                                            Ti dormes

El/Ela fala                                           El/Ela come                                        El/Ela dorme

Nós falamos                                       Nós comemos                                   Nós durmimos

Vós falades                                        Vós comedes                                     Vós durmides

Eles/Elas falan                                   Eles/Elas comen                                Eles/Elas dormen

 

These endings can help you a lot, because with them you can conjugate most of verbs into the present tense, you only need the stem of the verb.

 

-       Past Tense

In Galician as well as in English the simple past tense (imperfect) is used to describe past events. The endings for the past tense verbs are:

 

Eu ... -ei/-ín                                                     Nós ... -amos/-emos/-imos

 

Ti ... -aches/-iches                                         Vós ... -astes/estes

                       

El/Ela ... -ou/-eu/-iu                                       Eles/Elas ... -aron/-eron/-iron

 

FALAR (to speak)                               COMER (to eat)                                 DURMIR (to sleep)

 

Eu falei                                               Eu comín                                            Eu durmín

Ti falaches                                         Ti comiches                                       Ti durmiches

El/Ela falou                                         El/Ela comeu                                      El/Ela durmiu

Nós falamos                                       Nós comemos                                   Nós durmmimos

Vós falastes                                       Vós comestes                                    Vós durmistes

Eles/Elas falaron                               Eles/Elas comeron                            Eles/Elas durmiron

 

So just take any regular verb stem and add it to the endings above.

 

-       Future Tense

To form the future in Galician it’s very easy, just use the whole infinitive verb plus these following ending:

 

Eu ... -ei                                                          Nós ... -emos

 

Ti ... -ás                                                          Vós ... -edes

                       

El/Ela ... -á                                                      Eles/Elas ... -án

 

FALAR (to speak)                               COMER (to eat)                                 DURMIR (to sleep)

 

Eu falarei                                            Eu comerei                                         Eu durmirei

Ti falarás                                            Ti comerás                                         Ti durmirás    

El/Ela falará                                        El/Ela comerá                                     El/Ela durmirá

Nós falaremos                                   Nós comeremos                                Nós durmiremos

Vós falaredes                                     Vós comeredes                                  Vós durmiredes

Eles/Elas falarán                                Eles/Elas comerán                            Eles/Elas durmirán

 

This means that you don’t have to worry about the stem of a verb, just take it as an infinitive and add the above future endings to it.


Here are some examples:

English VerbsGalician Verbs
VerbsVerbos
PastPasado
I spokeEu falei
I wroteEu escribín
I droveEu conducín
I lovedEu amei
I gaveEu dei
I smiledEu sorrín
I tookEu collín
he spokeEl falou
he wroteEl escribíu
he droveEl conducíu
he lovedEl amou
he gaveEl deu
he smiledEl sorríu
he tookEl colleu
we spokeNós falamos
we wroteNós escribimos
we droveNós conducimos
we lovedNós amamos
we gaveNós demos
we smiledNós sorrimos
we tookNós collimos
FutureFuturo
I will speakEu falarei
I will writeEu escribirei
I will driveEu conducirei
I will loveEu amarei
I will giveEu darei
I will smileEu sorrirei
I will takeEu collerei
he will speakEl falará
he will writeEl escribirá
he will driveEl conducirá
he will loveEl amará
he will giveEl dará
he will smileSorrirá
he will takeEl collerá
we will speakNós falaremos
we will writeNós escribiremos
we will driveNós conduciremos
we will loveNós amaremos
we will giveNós daremos
we will smilesorriremos
we will takeNós colleremos
PresentPresente
I speakEu falo
I writeEu escribo
I driveEu conduzo
I loveEu amo
I giveEu dou
I smilesorrio
I takeEu collo
he speaksEl fala
he writesEl escribe
he drivesEl conduce
he lovesEl ama
he givesEl dá
he smilessorrí
he takesEl colle
we speakNós falamos
we writeNós escribimos
we driveNós conducimos
we loveNós amamos
we giveNós damos
we smilesorrimos
we takeNós collemos

Notice the structure of the Verbs in Galician.

List of Verbs in Galician

Below is a list of the conjugated Verbs in the present past and future in Galician placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Galician vocabulary.

English VerbsGalician Verbs
I can accept thatPodo aceptalo
she added itEla o engadiu
we admit itNós admitimos
they advised himEles o advertiron
I can agree with thatPodo estar de acordo con iso
she allows itEla o permite
we announce itNós o anunciamos
I can apologizePodo desculpar
she appears todayEla aparece hoxe
they arranged thatEles acordaron que
I can arrive tomorrowPodo chegar mañá
she can ask himPode pedirlle
she attaches thatEla engade que
we attack themNós os atacamos
they avoid herEles a evitan
I can bake itPodo preparalo
she is like himEla é coma el
we beat itNós o vencemos
they became happyPuxéronse ledos
I can begin thatPodo comezalo
we borrowed moneyPrestamos diñeiro
they breathe airrespiran ar
I can bring itPodo traelo
I can build thatPodo construilo
she buys foodEla compra comida
we calculate itNós calculámolo
they carry itEles o levan
they don't cheatEles non enganan
she chooses himEla o escolleu
we close itPechámolo
he comes hereel ven aquí
I can compare thatPodo comparalo
she competes with meEla compite comigo
we complain about itQueixámosnos
they continued readingeles continuaron lendo
he cried about thatela chorou con iso
I can decide nowPodo decidir agora
she described it to meela describiumo
we disagree about itnós non estamos dacordo con iso
they disappeared quicklyeles desapareceron rapidamente
I discovered thatEu descubrín que
she dislikes thatA ela non lle gusta que
we do itfacemos
they dream about iteles soñan con iso
I earnedeu gañei
he eats a lotel come moito
we enjoyed thatnos gusta que
they entered hereeles entraron aquí
he escaped thatel escapou de que
I can explain thatPodo explicalo
she feels that tooSinteo tamén
we fled from therefuximos de alí
they will fly tomorroweles voarán mañá
I can follow youPodo seguirte
she forgot meela me esqueceu
we forgive himnós o esquecimos a el
I can give her thatPodo perdoarllo
she goes thereela vai aí
we greeted themSaudámolos
I hate thateu odio que
I can hear itPodo escoitalo
she imagine thatela imaxina que
we invited themnós invitámolos
I know himo coñezo
she learned itela o aprendeu
we leave nowímonos agora
they lied about himeles mentiron sobre el
I can listen to thatpodo escoitar iso
she lost thatela perdeu o que
we made it yesterdayo fixemos onte
they met himo encontraron
I misspell thateu escribo mal que
I always prayeu sempre rezo
she prefers thatela prefire que
we protected themnos protexímolos
they will punish hereles castigarana
I can put it thereeu podo poñelo alí
she will read itela leeráo
we received thatrecibimos que
they refuse to talkeles néganse a falar
I remember thatLembro que
she repeats thatela repite que
we see ito vemos
they sell ito venden
I sent that yesterdayenvieino onte
he shaved his beardafeitou a súa barba
it shrunk quicklyencolleuse rapidamente
we will sing itcantarémolo
they sat theresentáronse aquí
I can speak itpodo dicilo
she spends moneyela gasta os cartos
we suffered from thatnós sufrímolo desde aquela
they suggest thateles suxiren que
I surprised himsorprendino
she took thatela colleu que
we teach itaprendímolo
they told usdixéronnnos
she thanked himagradeceulle
I can think about itpodo pensar niso
she threw itela tirouno
we understand thatentendemos que
they want thateles queren que
I can wear itPodo usalo
she writes thatEla escribe que
we talk about itfalamos sobre isto
they have iteles teñen
I watched itEu asistir-lo
I will talk about itVou falar sobre iso
he bought that yesterdayque comprou onte
we finished itque rematou

Verbs in the present past and future tense have a very important role in Galician. Once you're done with Galician Verbs, you might want to check the rest of our Galician lessons here: Learn Galician. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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