Egyptian Verbs

If you're trying to learn Egyptian Verbs you will find some useful resources including a course about Verbs in the present past and future tense... to help you with your Egyptian Arabic grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Egyptian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Egyptian Verbs

Learning the Egyptian Verbs is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Egyptian language. But first we need to know what the role of Verbs is in the structure of the grammar in Egyptian.

Egyptian verbs are words that convey action (bring, read, walk, run), or a state of being (exist, stand). In most languages a verb may agree with the person, gender, and/or number of some of its arguments, such as its subject, or object.

Egyptian to has only 2 times, the perfect and the imperfect, but there is a difference, in the west we look at the points in time in where a action takes place, the Arabs however look at the aspect of a verb meaning they ask is the action finished or not (They don’t ask themselves when did it finish or not). Of course a finished action corresponds with the past as does a unfinished action with the present, but not necessarily so. Here are some examples:

English VerbsEgyptian Verbs
Verbs
Pastmadi - ماضي
I spokeatekelemet - اتكلمت
I wroteketebet - كتبت
I droveso2t - سوقـْت
I loved7abit - حَبيت
I gaveaedit - اِديت
I smiledabetesamt - ابتسَمْت
I tookkhedet - خدت
he spokeatkalem - اتـْكَلِّم
he wroteketeb - كتب
he drovesa2 - ساق
he loved7ab - حَب
he gaveada - ادى
he smiledaebetasam - اِبتَسَم
he tookkhed - خد
we spokeatkelemena - اتـْكلمنا
we wroteketebena - كتبنا
we droveso2na - سُقـْنا
we loved7ebina - حبينا
we gaveadina - ادينا
we smiledabetesamna - ابتسَمْنا
we tookkhedena - خدنا
Future
I will speakhetekalem - هتكَلِّم
I will writehekteb - هكْتِب
I will driveheso2 - هسوق
I will lovehe7eb - هحِب
I will givehadi - هَدي
I will smilehabetasem - هَبتـَسِم
I will takehakhod - هاخـُد
he will speakhikelem - هـيـْكلِّم
he will writehiketeb - هـيْكتِب
he will drivehiso2 - هيسوق
he will lovehi7eb - هيحب
he will givehidi - هيدي
he will smilehibetesem - هيبتِسم
he will takehyakhod - هياخـُد
we will speakhenetkalem - هنتـْكَلِّم
we will writeheneketeb - هنِكتِب
we will driveheneso2 - هنسوق
we will lovehene7eb - هنحِب
we will givehenedi - هندي
we will smilehenede7ek - هنضحك
we will takehenakhed - هناخد
Presentmedare3 - مضارع
I speakbatekelem - باتكلم
I writebakteb - باكْتب
I drivebasoo2 - باسُوق
I loveba7eb - بَحِب
I givebadi - بَدي
I smilebabetasem - بابتَسم
I takebakhod - باخـُد
he speaksbitkelem - بِيتـْكِّلم
he writesbikteb - بيكْتِب
he drivesbiso2 - بيسوق
he lovesbi7eb - بيحِب
he givesbidi - بيدي
he smilesbibetesem - بيبتِسم
he takesbyakhod - بياخـُد
we speakbenetkalem - بنتـْكَلِّم
we writebeneketeb - بنِكتِب
we drivebeneso2 - بنسوق
we lovebene7eb - بنحِب
we givebenedi - بندي
we smilebenebetesem - بنبتِسم
we takebenakhed - بناخد

Egyptian verb conjugation is a bit complex, although very regular the so called semivowels alif, waw and ya and the glottal stop hamza cause irregularity in Egyptian verb conjugation. The simplest Egyptian verb excist out of three consonants like كتب KaTaBa meaning he wrote or he has written. The past tense is conjugated by suffixes, the present tense by prefixes. The Arabs use the verb fa3ala (to do) to represent all possible forms a verb may have. The problem lies in the fact that any of those root consonants might be an hamza, the glottal stop or an alif, a waw or a ya, the so called semi-consonants. They might be retained or disappear according to certain rules.

Egyptian verbs have ten (even more) forms. To give you an example,third rule علَم allama means to know, The second form علّم allama with the second consonant doubled means to let know meaning to teach, the fifth form تعلّم ta3allama means to let your self know meaning to study! The tenth form istaf3ala means in general to think to act out an action described by the verb, so istahhasana to think to be beatifull from hhasana to be beautiful. I once made a joke during my Egyptian studies. In Holland we call a street car (an electric street car) a tram. This exactly fits the Egyptian verb paradigm. Back in those days I sometimes sat in the tram without a ticket which we Dutch call zwart rijden (driving black). So I said if tram would be an Egyptian verb ترم TRM the zwart rijde would be translated as IstTarama استرّم thinking to ride on a tram (with a ticket).

Notice the structure of the Verbs in Egyptian.

List of Verbs in Egyptian

Below is a list of the conjugated Verbs in the present past and future in Egyptian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Egyptian vocabulary.

English VerbsEgyptian Verbs
I can accept thatana memeken a2ebel da / di - أنا ممكن أقبل دا/دي
she added itdafeteh- dafeteha - ضافِته- ضافِتها
we admit itne3eteref bekeda - نِعترف بكدة
they advised himnasa7oh - نـَصَحوه
I can agree with thatana memeken awafe2 3ela da - أنا ممكن أوافِق على دا
she allows itseme7et beda - سمحِت بدا
we announce ita3elanah - أعلاناه
I can apologizememeken a3etezer - ممكن أعتذر
she appears todayzaheret alenehareda - ظـَهرِت النهاردة
they arranged thatnezamwa da - نظـَموا دا
I can arrive tomorrowana memeken awsal bokera - أنا ممكن أوصَل بُكرة
she can ask himmemeken tesaloh - ممكن تِسألُه
she attaches that
we attack thembeneheguem 3elihem - بنهجم عليهم
they avoid herbiteguaneboha - بيتجـَنـبوها
I can bake itmemeken akhebezeha - ممكن اخبزها
she is like himhi zyoh - هي زيُه
we beat itbenederebeh / ha - بنضربه/ ها
they became happyhem be2wa mebesotin - هم بقوا مبسوطين
I can begin thatmemeken abeda da / di - ممكن أبدأ دا/دي
we borrowed moneyasetelefna felos - استلفـْنا فلوس
they breathe airbitenefeswa hwa - بيتنفسوا هوا
I can bring itmemeken aguibeha - ممكن أجيبها
I can build thatmemeken abeniha - ممكن ابنيها
she buys foodbeteshetereshi akel - بتشترشي أكل
we calculate it7asabnaha - حَسَبْناها
they carry itbishiloha - بيشيلوها
they don't cheatmabigheshosh - مابيغشوش
she chooses himakhetareteh - أختارته
we close it2efelenaha - قفلناها
he comes heregueh hena - جه هنا
I can compare thatmemeken a2aren da / di - ممكن اقارن دا/دي
she competes with mebetetenafes me3aya - بتتنافس معايا
we complain about itbeneshteki meneh / meneha - بنشـْتِكي منه/ منها
they continued readingkemelwa 2eraya - كملوا قراية
he cried about that3it 3ela da - عيط على دا
I can decide nowmemeken a2erer delo2eti - ممكن اقرر دلوقتي
she described it to meosafeteh / osafetha lya - وصَفِته/ وصَفِـتـْها ليا
we disagree about itakhetelafena 3elih / 3eliha - اختلافنا عليه/ عليها
they disappeared quicklyakhetefwa besere3a - اختفوا بسرعة
I discovered thataketeshefet da / di - اكتشفت دا/دي
she dislikes thatmabete7ebesh da / di - مابتحِبش دا/ دي
we do itbene3emeleh / bene3emeleha - بنعمله / بنعملها
they dream about itbi7elemwa bih / biha - بيحلموا بيه /بيها
I earnedkesbet - كِسْبت
he eats a lotbyakel ketir - بياكل كتير
we enjoyed thatasetemete3ena bih / biha - استمتعنا بيه / بيها
they entered heredekhelwa hena - دخلوا هنا
he escaped thathereb meneh / meneha - هرب منه / منها
I can explain thatmemeken ashere7 da / di - ممكن أشرح دا/دي
she feels that toobete7es bekeda beredo - بتحس بكدة برضو
we fled from thereherebena men henak - هربنا من هناك
they will fly tomorrowhisaferwa bekera - هيسافروا بكرة
I can follow youameshi orak / ki - امشي وراك/ كي
she forgot menesiteni - نسيتني
we forgive himnesinah - نسيناه
I can give her thatmemeken adiha da / di - ممكن اديها دا /دي
she goes therebetero7 henak - بتروح هناك
we greeted them7ainahom - حَيناهُم
I hate thatbakreh da / di - بَكْره دا/دي
I can hear itmemeken aseme3eh / aseme3eha - ممكن اسمعه/ اسمعها
she imagine thattekhilet da / di - تخيلت دا/دي
we invited them3ezemenahem - عزمناهم
I know him3arefah - عارفاه
she learned itat3elemethaa - اتــْعلِمِتـْهَا
we leave nowmashiin delo2eti - ماشيين دلوقتي
they lied about himkedebwa 3elih - كدبوا عليه
I can listen to thatmemeken aseme3 da - ممكن اسمع دا
she lost thatdi3eteh / ha - ضيعته/ ها
we made it yesterday3emelenaha amebare7 - عملناها امبارح
they met him2abeloh - قابلوه
I misspell thatasetehegueteha ghelet - استهجتها غلط
I always praydaiman beseli - دايمًا بصلي
she prefers thatfedalet da / di - فضَلِت دا/دي
we protected them7amanahom - حَمَناهُم
they will punish herhene3a2ebeha - هنعاقبها
I can put it therememeken a7eteha henak - ممكن احطها هناك
she will read ithete2erah / ha - هتقراه/ها
we received thatasetelemenah / ha - استلمناه/ها
they refuse to talkrefedwa itekelemwa - رفضوا يتكلموا
I remember thatbafeteker da / di - بافتكر دا/ دي
she repeats thatkereret da / di - كررت دا/دي
we see itbeneshofeh / ha - بنشوفه/ها
they sell itbibe3oh / ha - بيبعوه/ها
I sent that yesterdaybe3et da / di amebare7 - بعت دا/دي امبارح
he shaved his beard7ele2 de2eneh - حلق دقنه
it shrunk quicklybetekesh besere3a / bikesh besere3a - بتكش بسرعة/ بيكِش بسرعة
we will sing ithenegheniha - هنغنيها
they sat there2e3edwa henak - قعدوا هناك
I can speak itmemeken atekelemeha - ممكن اتكلمها
she spends moneybeteseref felos - بتصرف فلوس
we suffered from that3aanina men da - عَانينا من دا
they suggest thata2etere7wa da - اقترحوا دا
I surprised himfeguateh - فجأته
she took thatkhedet da / di - خدت دا/ دي
we teach itbendaresha - بنـْدَرِّسْها
they told us2aletelena - قالتلنا
she thanked himshekeretoh - شكرتـُه
I can think about itmemeken afeker fiha - ممكن افكر فيها
she threw itremeteh / remeteha - رمته/ رمتها
we understand thatfahemin da / di - فاهمين دا/دي
they want that3aizin da / di - عايزين دا/دي
I can wear itmemeken alebeseha / alebeseh - ممكن البسها/ البسه
she writes thathi katabet da / di - هي كَتـَبـِت دا/ دي
we talk about itatekelemena 3eneha / 3eneh - اتكلمنا عنها/عنه
they have ithi 3enedehem - هي عندهم
I watched itatefereguet 3elih / 3eliha - اتفرجت عليه/عليها
I will talk about ithetekelem 3eneh / 3eneha - هتكلم عنه/عنها
he bought that yesterdayasheterah / ha emebare7 - اشتراه/ها إمبارح
we finished itkhelesenah / khelesenaha - خلصناه/خلصناها

Verbs in the present past and future tense have a very important role in Egyptian. Once you're done with Egyptian Verbs, you might want to check the rest of our Egyptian lessons here: Learn Egyptian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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