Egyptian Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Egyptian Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Egyptian Arabic grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Egyptian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Egyptian Adjectives

Learning the Egyptian Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Egyptian language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Egyptian.

Egyptian Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

In Egyptian adjectives are of the form فعيل Fa3iil, like كبير kabiir big, صغير saghriir small. One rule is that if a noun is definite the adjective has to be definite. Like in البيت الكبير Al-bait Al-kabir The house the big (Al is the Egyptian indefinite article).

Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesEgyptian Adjectives
adjectivessefat - صِفات
a green treeshaguara khadra - شـَجَرة خـَضـْرة
a tall building3emaaraa tawilaa - عِمَارَة طـَويلَة
a very old manraguel 3aguoz 2awi - راجـِل عَجوز قـَوي
the old red housealebit ala7mar ale2adim - البـِيت الأحْمَر القـَدِيم
a very nice friendsa7eb letif 2awi - صاحِب لطِيف قـَوي

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Egyptian.

List of Adjectives in Egyptian

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Egyptian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Egyptian vocabulary.

English AdjectivesEgyptian Adjectives
colorsalwan - ألْوان
blackesod- soda- sod - إسْود- سودا- سود
blueazra2- zar2a- zore2 - أزْرَق- زَرْقا- زُرق
brownboni - بُني
grayrosasi - رُصاصِي
greenakhdar- khadra- khodr - أخـْضـَر- خـَضـْرا- خـُضْر
orangeboreto2ani - بُرتـُقانِي
purplebanafsegui - بَنـَفـْسِجي
reda7mar- 7amra- 7omr - أحْمَر- حَمْرا- حُمْر
whiteabyad- bida- bid - أبـْيـَض- بـِيضا- بـِيض
yellowasfar- safra- sofr - أصـْفـَر- صـَفـْرا- صـُفـْر
sizesme2asat - مقاسات
bigkebir - كِبير
deep3ami2 - 3ami2a - عَمِيق - عَمِيقة
longtawil- tawilaa - طـَويل- طـَويلَة
narrowdaya2- daya2aa - ضـَيَّق- ضـَيَّقـَة
short2osayar- 2osayar - قـُصَيَّر- قـُصَيَّر
smallsoghayar-soghayaraa - صُغـَيَّر-صُغـَيَّرَة
talltawil- tawilaa - طـَويل- طـَويلَة
thicksamik- samika - سـَمِيك- سـَمِيكة
thinrofaya3- rofaya3a - رُفـَيَّع- رُفـَيَّعة
wide3arid- 3aridaa - عَريض- عَريضَة
shapesashkal - أشـْكال
circularda'eri- da'erya - دائِري- دائرية
straightmesete2im - مستقيم
squaremorabe3 - مُرَبع
triangularmothelathi - مُثلَثي
tastesat3ema - أطـْعِمة
bittermor - مُر
freshtazaa - طازَة
salty7ade2 - حادِق
sour7amed - حامض
spicy7ar - حار
sweet7elo - حِلو
qualitiesguawda- kefa'at - جَوْدة- كفاءات
bado7esh- o7esha - وحِش- وحِشة
cleannedif- nedifa - نِضِيف- نِضِيفة
darkdalmaa - ضـَلْمَة
difficultsa3b- sa3baa - صَعْب- صَعْبَة
dirtyosekh- oskha - وسخ- وسْخة
drynashef- nashefa - ناشِف- ناشفة
easysahl- sahla - سَهْل- سَهْلة
emptyfadi- fadya - فاضِي- فاضـْية
expensiveghali- ghalyaa - غالي- غالْيَة
fastsari3- sari3aa - سَريع- سَريعَة
foreignagunabi- agunabyaa - أجْنـَبي- أجـْنـَبيَّة
fullmalyan- malyana - مَلْيان- مَلْيانة
goodkowayes- kowayesa - كُوَيِّس- كُوَيِّسة
hardsa3b- sa3baa - صَعْب- صَعْبَة
heavyte2il- te2ilaa - تِقِيل- تِقِيلَة
inexpensiverekhis- rekhisaa - رِخِيص- رِخيصَة
lightkhafif- khafifaa - خـَفيف- خَفيفـَة
localma7ali- ma7elyaa - مَحَلي- مَحليَّة
newguedid- guedidaa - جديد- جـِديدَة
noisydosha - دّوشة
old2adim- 2adimaa - قـَدِيم- قـَدِيمَة
powerful2awi- 2awyaa - قـَوي- قـَويَّة
quiethadi- hadya - هادي- هادْية
correctse7 - صح
slowbeti'- bati'a - بطيء- بـَطِيئة
softna3em- na3maa - ناعِم- ناعْمَة
very2oi- gueda - قوي- جـِدا
weakda3if- da3ifa - ضـَعِيف- ضـَعِيفة
wetmebelol- mebelola - مـبلول- مـبلولة
wrongghalet - غـَلط
youngsoghayar-soghayara - صـُغـَيَّر-صـُغـَيَّرة
quantitieskemyat - كِميات
few2olyel- 2olyela - قـُليِّل- قـُليِّلة
little2olyel- 2olyela - قـُليِّل- قـُليِّلة
manyketir-ketira - كِتير-كِتيرة
muchketir-ketira - كِتير-كِتيرة
partguoze' - جـُزء
someshoya / kam / be3ed - شوية/ كام/ بعض
a fewshoya - شوية
wholekol - كُل

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Egyptian. Once you're done with Egyptian Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Egyptian lessons here: Learn Egyptian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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