Vietnamese Prepositions

If you're trying to learn Vietnamese Prepositions you will find some useful resources including a course about time and place prepositions and and demonstrative pronouns... to help you with your Vietnamese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Vietnamese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Vietnamese Prepositions

Learning the Vietnamese Prepositions is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Vietnamese language. But first we need to know what the role of Prepositions is in the structure of the grammar in Vietnamese.

Vietnamese prepositions link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition. Here are some examples:

English PrepositionsVietnamese Prepositions
PrepositionsGiới từ
inside the housebên trong nhà
outside the carbên ngoài xe
with mevới tôi
without himmà không có anh
under the tabledưới cái bàn
after tomorrowsau khi vào ngày mai
before sunsettrước khi hoàng hôn
but I'm busynhưng tôi đang bận

Notice the structure of the Prepositions in Vietnamese.

List of Prepositions in Vietnamese

Below is a list of the Time place and demonstrative pronouns in Vietnamese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Vietnamese vocabulary.

English PrepositionsVietnamese Prepositions
aboutvề
abovetrên đây
acrossngang qua
aftersau khi
againstchống lại
amongtrong số
aroundxung quanh
asnhư
attại
beforetrước khi
behindsau
belowdưới đây
beneathbên dưới
besidebên cạnh
betweengiữa
beyondngoài
butnhưng
bybởi
despitemặc dù
downxuống
duringtrong khi
exceptngoại trừ
forcho
fromtừ
introng
insidebên trong
intovào trong
neargần
nexttiếp theo
ofcủa
ontrên
oppositeđối diện
outra
outsidebên ngoài
overtrên
permỗi
plusthêm
roundtròn
sincekể từ
thanhơn
throughthông qua
tillđến
tođến
towardvề phía
underbên dưo17i
unlikekhông giống như
untilcho đến khi
uplên
viathông qua
withvới
withintrong vòng
withoutmà không cần
two wordshai từ
according totheo
because of
close togần
due todo
except fortrừ
far fromxa
inside ofbên trong
instead ofthay vì
near togần
next tobên cạnh
outside ofbên ngoài
prior totrước khi
three wordsba từ
as far asxa như…
as well ascũng như
in addition tongoài ra
in front oftrước mặt
in spite ofmặc dù
on behalf ofthay mặt cho
on top oftrên đầu trang của
demonstrativeschỉ thị giới từ
thiscái này
thatcái đó
thesenhững cái này
thosenhững cái đó

Time place and demonstrative pronouns have a very important role in Vietnamese. Once you're done with Vietnamese Prepositions, you might want to check the rest of our Vietnamese lessons here: Learn Vietnamese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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