Russian Pronouns

If you're trying to learn Russian Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Russian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Russian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Russian Pronouns

Learning the Russian Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Russian.

Russian pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).

Grammar Tips:

In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Russian, the personal pronouns are:

Я (I), ты (you), он (he), она (she), 

мы (we), вы, Вы (you – plural, polite) они (they) 

Examples: я учусь (I study), ты учишься (you study), он/она/оно учится (he/she/it studies), вы/Вы учитесь (you study [plural/polite]), мы учимся (we study), они учатся (they study). 

Pronouns have 6 cases, each case is used depending on the pronoun's role in the sentence.

The cases for personal pronouns and examples of situations when different cases are used are in the table below:  

Meaning in English

Nominative case

Genitive

case

Dative

case

Accusative

case

Instrumental

case

Prepositional

case

I

Я

Меня

Мне

Меня

Мной

Мной

You (singular)

Ты

Тебя

Тебе

Тебя

Тобой

Тобой

He

Он

Его

Ему

Его

Им

Ним

She

Она

Ее

Ей

Ее

Ею (ей)

Ней

It

Оно

Его

Ему

Его

Им

Ним

We

Мы

Нас

Нам

Нас

Нами

Нами

You (plural)

Вы

Вас

Вам

Вас

Вами

Вами

They

Они

Их

Им

Их

Ими

Ними

 

I am a student = я студент

She is not at home = ее нет дома 

Give me the bag = Дай мне сумку

He was accused of murder = Его обвинили в убийстве

I am proud of you = Я тобой горжусь

Tomorrow I will go for a walk with you = Завтра мы с тобой пойдем гулять


Here are some more examples:

English PronounsRussian Pronouns
PronounsМестоимения - Mestoimenia
IЯ - IA
youВы -
heон - on
sheона - ona
weмы -
theyони - oni
meмне - mne
youВы -
himему его - emu ego
herей ее - ei ee
usнам - nam
themим - im
myмой - moi
yourваш - vash
hisего - ego
herее - ee
ourнаш - nash
theirих - ih
mineмой - moi
yoursтвое - tvoe
hisего - ego
hersее - ee
oursнаш - nash
theirsих - ih

Notice the structure of the Pronouns in Russian.

List of Pronouns in Russian

Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Russian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Russian vocabulary.

English PronounsRussian Pronouns
I speakЯ говорю - IA govoriu
you speakВы говорите - Vы govorite
he speaksон говорит - on govorit
she speaksона говорит - ona govorit
we speakмы говорим - mы govorim
they speakони говорят - oni govoriat
give meдать мне - datiomne
give youДать вам - Datiovam
give himдать ему - datioemu
give herдать ей - datioei
give usдать нам - dationam
give themдать им - datioim
my bookмоя книга - moia kniga
your bookВаша книга - Vasha kniga
his bookего книга - ego kniga
her bookее книга - ee kniga
our bookнаша книга - nasha kniga
their bookих книга - ih kniga

Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Russian. Once you're done with Russian Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Russian lessons here: Learn Russian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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