Russian Plural

Russian Plural

If you're trying to learn Russian Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Russian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Russian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Russian Plural

Learning the Russian Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Russian.

Russian Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular, in Russian, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives we change the flexion* of the word to (-ы/-и) for words of masculine and feminine gender and to (-а/-я) for words of neutral gender. Here are some examples:

Журнал (magazine) becomes: журналы (magazines)

Музей (museum) becomes: музеи (museums)

Словарь (dictionary) becomes словари (dictionaries)

Банк (bank) – банки (banks)

Карандаш (pencil) – карандаши (pencils)

Комната (room) – комнаты (rooms)

 

*The flexion is usually the last letter, sometimes two letters, of a word.

Please note that there are numerous exceptions to this rule, for example:

Брат (brother) – братья (brothers)

Стул (chair) – стулья (chairs)

Друг (friend) – друзья (friends)

Человек (person) – люди (people)

Ребенок (child) – дети (children)


Here are some examples:

English PluralRussian Plural
PluralМножественное число - Mnozestvennoe chislo
my bookмоя книга - moia kniga
my booksмои книги - moi knigi
our daughterнаша дочь - nasha dochio
our daughtersнаши дочери - nashi docheri
I'm coldМне холодно - Mne holodno
we're coldнам холодно - nam holodno
his chickensего куры - ego kurы
their chickenих курица - ih kurica

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Plural in Russian has a logical pattern. Locate the Plural above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Russian.

List of Plurals in Russian

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Russian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Russian vocabulary.

English PluralRussian Plural
alligatorкрокодил - krokodil
alligatorsкрокодилы - krokodilы
bearмедведь - medvedio
bearsмедведи - medvedi
birdптица - ptica
birdsптицы - pticы
bullбык - bыk
bullsбыки - bыki
catкошка - koshka
catsкошки - koshki
cowкорова - korova
cowsкоровы - korovы
deerолень - olenio
many deerМного оленей - Mnogo olenei
dogсобака - sobaka
dogsсобаки - sobaki
donkeyосел - osel
donkeysослы - oslы
eagleорел - orel
eaglesорлы - orlы
elephantслон - slon
elephantsслоны - slonы
giraffeжирафа - zirafa
giraffesжирафы - zirafы
goatкозел - kozel
goatsкозлы - kozlы
horseлошадь - loshadio
horsesлошади - loshadi
lionлев - lev
lionsльвы - lioы
monkeyобезьяна - obeziona
monkeysобезьяны - obezionы
mouseмышь - mыshio
miceмыши - mыshi
rabbitкролик - krolik
rabbitsкролики - kroliki
snakeзмея - zmeia
snakesзмеи - zmei
tigerтигр - tigr
tigersтигры - tigrы
wolfволк - volk
wolvesволки - volki

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Russian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Russian Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Russian lessons here: Learn Russian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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