Russian Feminine

If you're trying to learn Russian Feminine you will find some useful resources including a course about genders: Feminine and Masculine... to help you with your Russian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Russian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Russian Feminine

Learning the Russian Feminine is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Russian language. But first we need to know what the role of Feminine is in the structure of the grammar in Russian.

Russian feminine refers to female qualities attributed specifically to women and girls or things considered feminine. The complement to feminine is masculine.

Grammar Tips:

Nouns can be of masculine, feminine or neutral gender. With people, the reason for this is self-explanatory:

мужчинаman (masc.),

женщина woman (fem.).

отец – father (masc.)

матьmother (fem.)

cын – son (masc.)

дочь – daughter (fem.)

With inanimate objects, a lot of the times there is no obvious reason why a word is of masculine or feminine gender:

Тарелка – plate (fem.)

Стакан – glass (masc.)

Окно – window (neutral)

 

Sometimes you can form a feminine word from a masculine. Usually the suffix «-ка» is used; if the word ends with the suffix «ник», it is replaced with «-ница»:

 

Начальник (boss masc.) – начальница (boss fem.)

Проводник (conductor masc.) – проводница (conductor fem.)

Пенсионер (pensioner masc.) – пенсионерка (pensioner fem.)

Adjectives change their ending depending on the gender of the word they are used to describe:

 

Хороший сын (good son)

Многодетная мать (mother of a big family)

 

Verbs in the past tense are also changed (conjugated) depending on the gender of the subject of the sentence:

 

Девочка пошла гулять с собакой – A girl went to walk the dog

Мальчик пошел гулять с собакой – A boy went to walk the dog


Here are some examples:

English FeminineRussian Feminine
FeminineЖенский - Zenskii
he is happyон счастлив - on schastliv
she is happyона счастлива - ona schastliva
he is Americanон американец - on amerikanec
she is Americanона американка - ona amerikanka
manчеловек - chelovek
womanженщина - zenshtina
fatherотец - otec
motherмать - matio
brotherбрат - brat
sisterсестра - sestra
uncleдядя - diadia
auntтетка - tetka
bullбык - bыk
cowкорова - korova
boyмальчик - malioik
girlдевушка - devushka

Notice the structure of the Feminine in Russian.

List of Feminine in Russian

Below is a list of objects, can you determine whether they're feminine, masculine or plural in Russian? Memorizing this table will also help you add very useful and important words to your Russian vocabulary.

English VocabularyRussian Vocabulary
objectsобъекты - obaektы
bathroomванная комната - vannaia komnata
bedкровать - krovatio
bedroomспальня - spalioia
ceilingпотолок - potolok
chairстул - stul
clothesодежда - odezda
coatпальто - palioo
cupкружка - kruzka
deskстол - stol
dressплатье - platio
floorэтаж - эtaz
forkвилка - vilka
furnitureмебель - mebelio
glassстекло - steklo
hatшляпа - shliapa
houseдом - dom
inkчернила - chernila
jacketкуртка - kurtka
kitchenкухня - kuhnia
knifeнож - noz
lampлампа - lampa
letterписьмо - pisioo
mapкарта - karta
newspaperгазета - gazeta
notebookблокнот - bloknot
pantsбрюки - briuki
paperбумага - bumaga
penручка - ruchka
pencilкарандаш - karandash
pharmacyаптека - apteka
pictureизображение - izobrazenie
plateплита - plita
refrigeratorхолодильник - holodilioik
restaurantресторан - restoran
roofкрыша - krыsha
roomкомната - komnata
rugковер - kover
scissorsножницы - noznicы
shampooшампунь - shampunio
shirtрубашка - rubashka
shoesобувь - obuvio
soapмыло - mыlo
socksноски - noski
spoonложка - lozka
tableстол - stol
toiletтуалет - tualet
toothbrushзубная щетка - zubnaia shtetka
toothpasteзубная паста - zubnaia pasta
towelполотенце - polotence
umbrellaзонтик - zontik
underwearнижнее белье - niznee belio
wallстена - stena
walletбумажник - bumaznik
windowокно - okno
telephoneтелефон - telefon

Feminine and Masculine have a very important role in Russian. Once you're done with Russian Feminine, you might want to check the rest of our Russian lessons here: Learn Russian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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