If you're trying to learn Polish Nouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Nouns and Words... to help you with your Polish grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Polish. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!
Learning the Polish Nouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Polish language. But first we need to know what the role of Nouns is in the structure of the grammar in Polish.
Polish nouns are words used to name a person, animal, place, thing, or abstract ideas. Nouns are usually the most important part of vocabulary.
While in English, the plural is formed by adding (s) to the singular, in Polish, to form the plural of nouns we usually add (i,y) to words ending in a vowel and (-e,y,i) to words ending in a consonant. Here are some examples:
Przyjaciel (a friend) becomes: Przyjaciele (friends)
Kobieta (a woman) becomes: kobiety (women)
This applies in general to numbers from 2-4. If there are 5 and more than 5 objects
words ending in a vowel lose the vowel to form the plural:
Mama (a mother) becomes : 5 mam ( 5 mothers)
To words ending in a consonant we usually add the ending (ów):
księżyc (moon) becomes: 5 księżyców (5 moons).
The plural of adjectives:
All adjectives in Polish end with a vowel: feminine generally with the ending a (czerwona – red feminine) and masculine with y (czerwony -red masculine).
czerwona (red – feminine) becomes czerwone (red -feminine plural)for numbers 2-4, and czerwonych (red feminine plural) for numbers 5 and more. This applies to the Nominative of nouns described by these adjectives. Adjectives decline (with nouns):
N czerwona góra (red mountain)
G czerwonej góry
D czerwonej górze
A czerwoną górę
I czerwoną górą
L czerwonej górze
V czerwona góro
N czerwone góry (red mountains)
G czerwonych gór
D czerwonym górom
A czerwone góy
I czerwonymi górami
L czerwonych górach
V czerwone góry
Czerwony (red masculine) becomes czerwone, czerwoni, (red-masculine plural) depending on the noun (with what syllable it ends, how it declines) standing after the adjective.
Masculine adjectives decline in plural form (with nouns) like plural masculine adjectives:
N czerwone / czerwoni
The best way to learn the plural of Polish words is to learn patterns how words ending with a certain syllable behave.
Moreover, there are many exceptions which must be learnt by heart.
Here are some examples:
|English Nouns||Polish Nouns|
|my car||mój samochód|
|green car||zielony samochód|
|three cars||trzy samochody|
|car garage||garaż samochodowy|
|outside the car||poza samochodem|
Notice the structure of the Nouns in Polish.
Below is a list of the Nouns and Words in Polish placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Polish vocabulary.
|English Nouns||Polish Nouns|
|toe||palec u nogi|
Nouns and Words have a very important role in Polish. Once you're done with Polish Nouns, you might want to check the rest of our Polish lessons here: Learn Polish. Don't forget to bookmark this page.
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