Polish Feminine

If you're trying to learn Polish Feminine you will find some useful resources including a course about genders: Feminine and Masculine... to help you with your Polish grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Polish. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Polish Feminine

Learning the Polish Feminine is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Polish language. But first we need to know what the role of Feminine is in the structure of the grammar in Polish.

Polish feminine refers to female qualities attributed specifically to women and girls or things considered feminine. The complement to feminine is masculine.

Grammar Tips:

Forming a feminine form in Polish is rather irregular. Some of the feminine forms are made by adding -ka to the masculine form. Example:

Sprzatacz (a cleaner) becomes: sprzątaczka (cleaning lady).

However, this rule is quite uncertain, because there are many cases where the form with -ka doesn’t mean the feminine form of the masculine, but an another word. Example: pilotka is not a women who steers a plane, but a flying cap.

Many of Polish feminine form are totally different than the masculine, because they are formed with another steam. Example: chłopiec (a boy) – dziewczynka (a girl).


Here are some examples:

English FemininePolish Feminine
FeminineKobiecy
he is happyjest szczęśliwy
she is happyjest szczęśliwa
he is Americanjest amerykaniem
she is Americanjest amerykanką
manmężczyzna/ człowiek
womankobieta
fatherojciec
mothermatka
brotherbrat
sistersiostra
unclewujek
auntciotka
bullbyk
cowkrowa
boychłopiec
girldziewczyna

Notice the structure of the Feminine in Polish.

List of Feminine in Polish

Below is a list of objects, can you determine whether they're feminine, masculine or plural in Polish? Memorizing this table will also help you add very useful and important words to your Polish vocabulary.

English VocabularyPolish Vocabulary
objectsprzedmioty, rzeczy
bathroomłazienka
bedłóżko
bedroomsypialnia
ceilingsufit
chairkrzesło
clothesodzież
coatpłaszcz
cuppuchar/ filiżanka
deskbiurko
dresssukienka
floorpiętro
forkwidelec
furnituremeble
glassszklanka
hatkapelusz
housedom
inkatrament
jacketkurtka
kitchenkuchnia
knifenóż
lamplampa
letterlist
mapmapa
newspapergazeta
notebooknotatnik
pantsspodnie
paperpapier
penpióro/ długopis
pencilołówek
pharmacyapteka
picturezdjęcie
platetalerz
refrigeratorlodówka
restaurantrestauracja
roofdach
roompokój
rugdywan
scissorsnożyczki
shampooszampon
shirtkoszula
shoesobuwie
soapmydło
socksskarpety
spoonłyżka
tablestół
toilettoaleta
toothbrushszczoteczka do zębów
toothpastepasta do zębów
towelręcznik
umbrellaparasol
underwearbielizna
wallściana
walletportfel
windowokno
telephonetelefon

Feminine and Masculine have a very important role in Polish. Once you're done with Polish Feminine, you might want to check the rest of our Polish lessons here: Learn Polish. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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