Persian Prepositions

If you're trying to learn Persian Prepositions which is also called Farsi, check our courses about time and place prepositions and and demonstrative pronouns... to help you with your Persian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Persian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


Share

Persian Prepositions

Learning the Persian Prepositions is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Persian language. But first we need to know what the role of Prepositions is in the structure of the grammar in Persian.

Persian prepositions link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition. Here are some examples:

English PrepositionsPersian Prepositions
Prepositionsḥerof āz̤āfeh - حروف اضافه
inside the houseder dākhel khāneh - در داخل خانه
outside the carder khārej āz khodero - در خارج از خودرو
with mebā men - با من
without himbedon āo - بدون او
under the tableder zeyer meyez - در زیر میز
after tomorrowpes feredā - پس فردا
before sunsetquebel āz gherob - قبل از غروب
but I'm busyāmā men kerefetārem - اما من گرفتارم

Notice the structure of the Prepositions in Persian.

List of Prepositions in Persian

Below is a list of the Time place and demonstrative pronouns in Persian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Persian vocabulary.

English PrepositionsPersian Prepositions
aboutderebāreh - درباره
abovebālāy - بالای
acrossder serāser - در سراسر
afterpes āz - پس از
againstder berāber - در برابر
amongder meyān - در میان
aroundder āṭerāf - در اطراف
asmānened - مانند
atder - در
beforequebel āz - قبل از
behindpeshet ser - پشت سر
belowder zeyer - در زیر
beneathzeyer - زیر
besideder kenār - در کنار
betweenmeyān - میان
beyondkhārej āz - خارج از
butāmā - اما
bytoseṭ - توسط
despitebā ojod - با وجود
downpāyeyen - پایین
duringder ṭey - در طی
exceptbejez - بجز
forberāy - برای
fromāz - از
inbeh - به
insidedākhel - داخل
intobeh - به
nearnezedeyek - نزدیک
nextbe'ed - بعد
ofāz - از
onber - بر
oppositemequābel - مقابل
outkhārej - خارج
outsidekhārej āz - خارج از
overroy - روی
perder her - در هر
plusbe'elāoh - بعلاوه
roundkered - گرد
sincepes āz - پس از
thannesebet beh - نسبت به
throughāz ṭereyequ - از طریق
tilltā - تا
tobeh - به
towardbeh / beh semet - به / به سمت
underzeyer - زیر
unlikeberekhelāf - برخلاف
untiltā - تا
upbālā - بالا
viaāz ṭereyequ - از طریق
withbā - با
withinder dākhel - در داخل
withoutbedon - بدون
two wordsḥerof āz̤āfeh do kelemeh āy - حروف اضافه دو کلمه ای
according toṭebequ - طبق
because ofbeh khāṭer - به خاطر
close tonezedeyek beh - نزدیک به
due tobe'elet - بعلت
except forbeh jez - به جز
far fromdor āz - دور از
inside ofdākhel - داخل
instead ofbejāy - بجای
near tonezedeyek beh - نزدیک به
next toder kenār - در کنار
outside ofkhārej āz - خارج از
prior toquebel āz - قبل از
three wordsḥerof āz̤āfeh seh kelemeh āy - حروف اضافه سه کلمه ای
as far astā ānejā keh - تا آنجا که
as well aswe neyez - و نیز
in addition to'elāoh ber - علاوه بر
in front ofder mequābel - در مقابل
in spite ofbā ojod - با وجود
on behalf ofāz ṭeref - از طرف
on top ofder bālāy - در بالای
demonstrative pronounsṣefāt / z̤emāyer āshāreh - صفات / ضمایر اشاره
thisāyen - این
thatāyen - این
theseāyenehā - اینها
thoseānehā - آنها

Time place and demonstrative pronouns have a very important role in Persian. Once you're done with the Farsi Prepositions, you might want to check the rest of our Persian lessons here: Learn Persian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


Share