Persian Plural

If you're trying to learn Persian Plural which is also called Farsi, check our courses about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Persian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Persian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

Persian Plural

Learning the Persian Plural is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Persian language. But first we need to know what the role of Plural is in the structure of the grammar in Persian.

Persian Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers. Here are some examples:


The formation of plural in Persian can be divided into three cases:

  • using the plural suffix «-hâ»
  • using the plural suffix «-ân»
  • Arabic plural

Words are normally pluralized with the suffix «hâ» e.g. «ketâbhâ» (books).

The plural suffix «ân» («gân» after the vowel «e» and «yân» after other vowels) is specific to human beings. It can be used instead of «-hâ» to designate human beings. For example:

  • «sar» means «head», «sarhâ» means «heads» but «sarân» means «chiefs, heads, leaders»
  • «gozaŝte» means «past», «gozaŝtehâ» means «the past (things, events)» but «gozaŝtegân» means «the people of the past»

There are many Arabic loanwords in Persian and many of them have also brought their plural form (that can be regular or irregular) into written Persian. However, they are optional and you can use «-hâ» to pluralize any word. In fact, Arabic plurals are not found in spoken Persian and words are pluralized with «-hâ». Even in written Persian, the use of Arabic plurals has greatly decreased in favor of «-hâ».


English PluralPersian Plural
Pluraljeme' - جمع
my bookketāb men - کتاب من
my booksketāb hāy men - کتاب های من
our daughterdekheter mā - دختر ما
our daughtersdekheterān mā - دختران ما
I'm coldmen seredem āset - من سردم است
we're coldmā seredemān āset - ما سردمان است
his chickensjojeh hāy āo - جوجه های او
their chickenjojeh ānehā - جوجه آنها

Notice the structure of the Plural in Persian.

List of Plurals in Persian

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Persian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Persian vocabulary.

English PluralPersian Plural
alligatortemesāḥ - تمساح
alligatorstemesāḥ hā - تمساح ها
bearkheres - خرس
bearskheresehā - خرسها
birdperenedeh - پرنده
birdsperenedekān - پرندگان
bullkāo ner - گاو نر
bullskāohāy ner - گاوهای نر
catkerebeh - گربه
catskerebeh hā - گربه ها
cowkāo - گاو
cowskāohā - گاوها
deerāho - آهو
many deerāhohāy zeyād - آهوهای زیاد
dogsek - سگ
dogssek hā - سگ ها
donkeykher / ālāgh - خر / الاغ
donkeyskherehā / ālāgh hā - خرها / الاغ ها
eagle'equāb - عقاب
eagles'equābehā - عقابها
elephantfeyel - فیل
elephantsfeyelehā - فیلها
giraffezerāfeh - زرافه
giraffeszerāfeh hā - زرافه ها
goatbez - بز
goatsbezehā - بزها
horseāseb - اسب
horsesāseb hā - اسب ها
lionsheyer - شیر
lionssheyerehā - شیرها
monkeymeyemon - میمون
monkeysmeyemon hā - میمون ها
mousemosh - موش
micemoshehā - موشها
rabbitkherekosh - خرگوش
rabbitskherekoshehā - خرگوشها
snakemār - مار
snakesmārehā - مارها
tigerbeber - ببر
tigersbeberehā - ببرها
wolfkerek - گرگ
wolveskerekehā - گرگها

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Persian. Once you're done with the Farsi Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Persian lessons here: Learn Persian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.





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