Persian Negation

If you're trying to learn Persian Negation which is also called Farsi, check our courses about Negation and negative expressions... to help you with your Persian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Persian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Persian Negation

Learning the Persian Negation is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Persian language. But first we need to know what the role of Negation is in the structure of the grammar in Persian.

Persian negation is the process that turns an affirmative statement (I am happy) into its opposite denial (I am not happy). Here are some examples:

Verbs are negated with the particle «na». This particle, being a word of its own, should be written separately but under the current custom of writing, it is written attached to the verb:

  • raftam — I went → naraftam (na raftam) — I did not go
  • kâr kardam — I worked → kâr nakardam  — I did not work
  • budan yâ nabudan — to be or not to be

Negative conjugation of «raftan» (to go) in indicative past simple

singular

plural

1st

naraftam (I did not go)

naraftim (we did not go)

2nd

narafti (you did not go)

naraftid (you did not go)

3rd

naraft (he/she/it did not go)

naraftand (they did not go)

 

Negative conjugation of «kâr kardan» (to work) in indicative past simple

singular

plural

1st

kâr nakardam (I did not work)

kâr nakardim (we did not work)

2nd

kâr nakardi (you did not work)

kâr nakardid (you did not work)

3rd

kâr nakard (he/she/it did not work)

kâr nakardand (they did not work)

English NegationPersian Negation
Negationnefey - نفی
he is not hereāo āyenejā neyeset - او اینجا نیست
that is not my bookāyen ketāb men neyeset - این کتاب من نیست
do not enterweāred neshoyed - وارد نشوید

Notice the structure of the Negation in Persian.

List of Negation in Persian

Below is a list of the Negation and negative expressions in Persian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Persian vocabulary.

English NegationPersian Negation
I don't speakmen ḥeref nemey zenem - من حرف نمی زنم
I don't writenemey noyesem - نمی نویسم
I don't driverānenedekey nemey kenem - رانندگی نمی کنم
I don't lovemen doset nedārem - من دوست ندارم
I don't givemen nemey dehem - من نمی دهم
I don't smilemen lebekhened nemey zenem - من لبخند نمی زنم
I don't takemen nemey keyerem - من نمی گیرم
he doesn't speakāo ṣeḥebet nemey kened - او صحبت نمی کند
he doesn't writeāo nemey noyesed - او نمی نویسد
he doesn't driveāo rānenedekey nemey kened - او رانندگی نمی کند
he doesn't loveāo doset nedāred - او دوست ندارد
he doesn't giveāo nemey dehed - او نمی دهد
he doesn't smileāo lebekhened nemey zened - او لبخند نمی زند
he doesn't takeāo nemey keyered - او نمی گیرد
we don't speakmā ṣeḥebet nemey keneyem - ما صحبت نمی کنیم
we don't writemā nemey noyeseyem - ما نمی نویسیم
we don't drivemā rānenedekey nemey keneyem - ما رانندگی نمی کنیم
we don't lovemā doset nedāreyem - ما دوست نداریم
we don't givemā nemey deheyem - ما نمی دهیم
we don't smilemā nemey khenedeyem - ما نمی خندیم
we don't takemā nemey keyereyem - ما نمی گیریم

Negation and negative expressions have a very important role in Persian. Once you're done with the Farsi Negation, you might want to check the rest of our Persian lessons here: Learn Persian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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