Persian Alphabet

If you're trying to learn the Persian Alphabet which is also called Farsi, check our courses about pronunciation, and sound of all letters... to help you with your Persian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and memorize the sounds. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Persian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


Share

Persian Alphabet

Learning the Persian alphabet is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. Without it, you will not be able to say words properly even if you know how to write those words. The better you pronounce a letter in a word, the more understood you will be in speaking the Persian language.

Below is a table showing the Persian alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word.

Persian AlphabetVariation*SoundPronunciation Example

ء

ءaas in apple

ا

‍اaas in apple

آ

‍آlong "a" as in apathy

ب

ب‍ ‍ب‍ ‍بbas in boat

پ

پ‍ ‍پ‍ ‍پpas in pool

ت

ت‍ ‍ت‍ ‍تtas in town

ث

ث‍ ‍ث‍ ‍ثthas in think

ج

ج‍ ‍ج‍ ‍جjas in joke

چ

چ‍ ‍چ‍ ‍چcheas in chair

ح

ح‍ ‍ح‍ ‍حsharp has in Hassan

خ

خ‍ ‍خ‍ ‍خkhas in bach

د

دdas in desk

ذ

ذthas in those

ر

رras in rabbit

ز

زzas in zebra

ژ

ژjeas in pleasure

س

س‍ ‍س‍ ‍سsas in small

ش

ش‍ ‍ش‍ ‍شshas in shadow

ص

ص‍ ‍ص‍ ‍صsas in supper

ض

ض‍ ‍ض‍ ‍ضdas in date

ط

ط‍ ‍ط‍ ‍طtas in time

ظ

ظ‍ ‍ظ‍ ‍ظthas in that

ع

ع‍ ‍ع‍ ‍ع'as in agh!!

غ

غ‍ ‍غ‍ ‍غghas in "r" in merci

ف

ف‍ ‍ف‍ ‍فfas in Persian

ق

ق‍ ‍ق‍ ‍قsharp quas in Qum

ك

ك‍ ‍ك‍ ‍كkas in Kurdish

ک

ک‍ ‍ک‍ ‍کkas in cute

گ

گ‍ ‍گ‍ ‍گgas in golf

ل

ل‍ ‍ل‍ ‍لlas in language

م

م‍ ‍م‍ ‍مmas in mosque

ن

ن‍ ‍ن‍ ‍نnas in noon

و

وwas in wolf

ه

ه‍ ‍ه‍ ‍هhas in house

ي

ي‍ ‍ي‍ ‍يyas in year

ی

ی‍ ‍ی‍ ‍یaas in spa

Variation*: This means that the letter takes different shapes based on its position in the word. Usually 3 variations. One at the beginning of the word, one in the middle of the word, and one at the end of the word.

Persian Pronunciation

You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio. Below you will be able to hear how the letters above are pronounced, just press the play button:

Persian Pronunciation

The alphabet and its pronunciation have a very important role in Persian. Once you're done with the Farsi alphabet, you might want to check the rest of our Persian lessons here: Learn Persian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


Share