Persian Adjectives

Persian Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Persian Adjectives which is also called Farsi, check our courses about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Persian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Persian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Persian Adjectives

Learning the Persian Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Persian language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Persian.

Persian Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. Here are some examples:

Adjective

Adjectives have only one form. They agree neither in gender (since Persian is a gender-neutral language) nor in number with the noun they modify.

Adjectives come after the noun and are related to it with the genitive particle «e» («ye» after all vowels but «i»):

  • pesar e xub — good boy

Adjectives can be modified by adverbs:

  • xâne ye bozorg — big house
  • xâne ye besyâr bozorg — very big house

Comparative form

·         The comparative form of an adjective is made by adding the suffix «-tar» to the end of the adjective:

Adjective

Comparative

bad (bad)

badtar (worse)

kam (little)

kamtar (less)

bozorg (big)

bozorgtar (bigger)

zibâ (beautiful)

zibâtar (more beautiful)

dustdâŝtani (lovable)

dustdâŝtanitar (more lovable)

English AdjectivesPersian Adjectives
adjectivesṣefet hā - صفت ها
a green treederekhet sebez - درخت سبز
a tall buildingsākhetemān belened - ساختمان بلند
a very old manmered beseyār peyer - مرد بسیار پیر
the old red housekhāneh quedeyemey queremez - خانه قدیمی قرمز
a very nice frienddoset beseyār khob - دوست بسیار خوب

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Adjectives in Persian has a logical pattern. Locate the Adjectives above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Farsi.

List of Adjectives in Persian

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Persian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Persian vocabulary.

English AdjectivesPersian Adjectives
colorsrenekehā - رنگها
blackseyāh - سیاه
blueābey - آبی
brownquehoh āy - قهوه ای
graykhākeseterey - خاکستری
greensebez - سبز
orangenārenejey - نارنجی
purpleāreghoāney - ارغوانی
redqueremez - قرمز
whitesefeyed - سفید
yellowzered - زرد
sizesānedāzeh hā - اندازه ها
bigbezerek - بزرگ
deep'emeyequ - عمیق
longderāz / kesheyedeh / ṭolāney - دراز / کشیده / طولانی
narrowbāreyek - باریک
shortkotāh - کوتاه
smallkochek - کوچک
tallqued belened - قد بلند
thickz̤ekheyem - ضخیم
thinnāzek - نازک
wideweseye' - وسیع
shapesāshekāl - اشکال
circulardāyereh - دایره
straightrāset - راست
squaremerebe' - مربع
triangularmes̱eles̱ - مثلث
tastesmezeh hā - مزه ها
bittertelekh - تلخ
freshtāzeh - تازه
saltyshor - شور
sourteresh - ترش
spicytened - تند
sweetsheyereyen - شیرین
qualitieskeyefeyet - کیفیت
badbed - بد
cleantemeyeze/pāk - تمیز/پاک
darktār / tāreyek - تار / تاریک
difficultdeshoār - دشوار
dirtykes̱eyef - کثیف
drykheshek - خشک
easysādeh - ساده
emptykhāley - خالی
expensivekerān - گران
fastsereye' - سریع
foreignkhārejey - خارجی
fullkāmel - کامل
goodkhob - خوب
hardsekhet / sefet - سخت / سفت
heavysenekeyen - سنگین
inexpensiveārezān - ارزان
lightsebek - سبک
localmeḥeley - محلی
newjedeyed - جدید
noisyper ser o ṣedā - پر سر و صدا
oldquedeyemey - قدیمی
powerfulquoy - قوی
quietsāket - ساکت
correctdereset - درست
slowkened - کند
softnerem - نرم
verybeseyār - بسیار
weakz̤e'eyef - ضعیف
wetmereṭob - مرطوب
wrongāshetebāh - اشتباه
youngjoān - جوان
quantitieskemeyet - کمیت
fewte'edād beseyār kem - تعداد بسیار کم
littlemequedār beseyār kem - مقدار بسیار کم
manyte'edād zeyādey - تعداد زیادی
muchmequedār zeyādey - مقدار زیادی
partbekhesh - بخش
somete'edādey / mequedārey - تعدادی / مقداری
a fewchened - چند
wholetemām - تمام

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Persian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Farsi Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Persian lessons here: Learn Persian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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