Lithuanian Plural

If you're trying to learn Lithuanian Plural you will find some useful resources including a course about Plural and Singular... to help you with your Lithuanian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Lithuanian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Lithuanian Plural

Learning the Lithuanian Plural displayed below is vital to the language. Lithuanian Plurals are grammatical numbers, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. In the English language, singular and plural are the only grammatical numbers.

Grammar Tips:

In English, the plural is formed by adding (-s) to the singular. In Lithuanian, to form the plural of nouns and adjectives we add different flexions (-s) to word stem. Gramatical rules are more complicated comparing to English or Spain. Here are some examples:

Draugas (a friend) – becomes -- draugai (some friends)

Moteris (one woman) – becomes -- moterys (some women), vaikas (kid) – vaikai, pušis (pine tree) – pušys, ranka (arm) – rankos, sūnus (son) – sūnūs, duktė (daughter) – dukterys, akmuo (stone) – akmenys. (You can see how relates flexion in singular and plural form.)

Štai mano raudonas automobilis (this is my red car) – becomes -- Štai mano raudoni automobiliai. (these are my red cars).

Miške auga tas medis (in a forest there grows the tree) -- Miškuose auga tie medžiai (in a forests there grows those trees)

There are in Lithuanian some Nouns which do not change its category of number: it uses as only Singular or as only Plural Noun.

For example:

Only singular: meilė (love), drąsa (courage), many nouns for naming materials, like cukrus (sugar), auksas (gold), etc.

Only plural: durys (door, doors), derybos (negotiation), dažai (paint), etc.


Here are some examples:

English PluralLithuanian Plural
PluralDaugiskaita
my bookMano knygos
my booksMano knygos
our daughtermūsų dukra
our daughtersdukterys
I'm coldman šalta
we're coldmums šalta
his chickensjo viščiukai
their chickenjų viščiukas

Notice the structure of the Plural in Lithuanian.

List of Plurals in Lithuanian

Below is a list of the Plurals and Singulars in Lithuanian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Lithuanian vocabulary.

English PluralLithuanian Plural
alligatorAlligator
alligatorsaligatorius
bearlokys
bearslokiai
birdpaukštis
birdspaukščiai
bulljautis
bullsjaučiai
catkatė
catskatės
cowkarvė
cowskarvės
deerelnias
many deerdaug elnių
dogšuo
dogsšunys
donkeyasilas
donkeysasilai
eagleerelis
eaglesereliai
elephantdramblys
elephantsdrambliai
giraffežirafa
giraffesŽirafos
goatožka
goatsožkos
horsearklys
horsesarkliai
lionliūtas
lionsliūtai
monkeybeždžionė
monkeysbeždžionės
mousepelė
micepelės
rabbittriušis
rabbitstriušiai
snakegyvatė
snakesgyvatės
tigertigras
tigerstigrai
wolfvilkas
wolvesvilkai

Plural and Singular have a very important role in Lithuanian. Once you're done with Lithuanian Plural, you might want to check the rest of our Lithuanian lessons here: Learn Lithuanian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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