Latin Verbs

Latin Verbs

If you're trying to learn Latin Verbs you will find some useful resources including a course about Verbs in the present past and future tense... to help you with your Latin grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Latin Verbs

Learning the Latin Verbs is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Latin language. But first we need to know what the role of Verbs is in the structure of the grammar in Latin.

Latin verbs are words that convey action (bring, read, walk, run), or a state of being (exist, stand). In most languages a verb may agree with the person, gender, and/or number of some of its arguments, such as its subject, or object.

Grammar Tips:
  • Present Tense
    In Latin, verbs take the certain endings to form the present tense.
    For a 1st conjugation verb, that looks like:

Ego  -o or –m, tū –s, is (ea, id) –t, nōs –mus, vōs –tīs, eī (eae, ea) -nt

Example:
Ego laudo, laudas, is (ea, id) laudat, nōs laudamus, vōs laudatīs, eī (eae, ea) laudant.

These endings can help you a lot, because with them you can conjugate most of verbs into the present tense, you only need the stem of the verb, for example the stem of (laudare: to praise) is (lauda).

  • Past (Imperfect) Tense
    In Latin as well as in English the simple past tense (imperfect) is used to describe past events. The endings for the 1st conjugation past tense verbs are formed by adding a –ba in front of the present tense endings:

Ego  -bam, tū –bās, is (ea, id) –bat, nōs –bāmus, vōs –bātīs, eī (eae, ea) -bant

Example:
Ego laudābam, laudabās, is (ea, id) laudābat, nōs laudābāmus, vōs laudābātīs, eī (eae, ea) laudābant.


So just take any regular verb stem and add it to the endings above, for example our previous verb laudare (to praise), its stem is “laudā”, plus the endings above becomes ego laudābam (I was praising).

  • Future Tense
    To form the future for 1st conjugation verbs in Latin is very easy; the endings are formed by adding a –bo, -bi or -bu in front of the present tense endings:

Ego  -bō, tū –bis, is (ea, id) –bit, nōs –bimus, vōs –bitis, eī (eae, ea) -bunt

Example:
Ego laudā, laudabis, is (ea, id) laudābit, nōs laudābimus, vōs laudābitis, eī (eae, ea) laudābunt.

Note: there are five conjugations of verb types in Latin: first, second, third, third (-īo) stems, and fourth.


Here are some examples:

English VerbsLatin Verbs
Verbsverba
Pasttempus praeteritum
I spokelocutus sum
I wrotescripsi
I drove duxi
I lovedamavi
I gavededi
I smiledrisi
I tookCepi
he spoke locutus est
he wrotescripsit
he droveduxit
he loved amavit
he gavededit
he smiledrisit
he tookcepit
we spokelocuti sumus
we wrotescripsimus
we droveduximus
we lovedamavimus
we gave dedimus
we smiledrisimus
we tookcepimus
Futuretempus futurum
I will speakloquar
I will writescribam
I will driveducam
I will loveamabo
I will givedabo
I will smileridebo
I will take
he will speakloquetur
he will writescribet
he will driveducet
he will loveamabit
he will givedabit
he will smileridebit
he will takecapiet
we will speakloquemur
we will writescribemus
we will driveducemus
we will loveamabimus
we will givedabimus
we will smileridebimus
we will takecapiemus
Presenttempus presens
I speakloquor
I writescribo
I driveduco
I loveamo
I givedo
I smilerideo
I takeCapio
he speaksloquitur
he writesscribit
he drivesducit
he lovesamat
he givesdat
he smilesridet
he takescapit
we speaklocuti sum
we writescribimus
we driveducimus
we loveamamus
we givedamus
we smileridemus
we takecapimus

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Verbs in Latin has a logical pattern. Locate the Verbs above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Latin.

List of Verbs in Latin

Below is a list of the conjugated Verbs in the present past and future in Latin placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English VerbsLatin Verbs
I can accept thatpossum recipere illud
she added itilla addidit id
we admit itnos admittimus
they advised himmonuerunt eum
I can agree with thatpossum congruere cum illud
she allows itilla permittit id
we announce itnuntiamus id
I can apologizepossum excusare
she appears todayilla procedit hodie
they arranged thatconstituerunt illud
I can arrive tomorrowpossum supervenire cras
she can ask himilla potest quaerere eum
she attaches thatilla suggerit illud
we attack themcommittimus proelium cum illis
they avoid herevitant illam
I can bake itpossum coquere id
she is like himilla est similis illius
we beat itpellimus id
they became happyilli facti sunt laeti
I can begin thatpossum incipere illud
we borrowed moneymutuati sumus pecunias
they breathe airducunt aera spiritu
I can bring itpossum addere id
I can build thatpossum aedificare illud
she buys foodilla emit cibaria
we calculate itcomputamus id
they carry itportant id
they don't cheatnon perturbant
she chooses himilla eligit eum
we close itclaudimus id
he comes hereadvenit huc
I can compare thatpossum comparare illud
she competes with meilla contendit cum me
we complain about itquaerimur cum eo
they continued readingperseveraverunt legere
he cried about thatflevit de illo
I can decide nowpossum deliberare nunc
she described it to meilla descripsit id mihi
we disagree about itdiscrepamus de eo
they disappeared quicklyevanuerunt velociter
I discovered thatrevelavi id
she dislikes thatilli displicet illud
we do itfacimus id
they dream about itsomniant de eo
I earnedlucratus sum
he eats a lotplurimi cibi est
we enjoyed thatgavisi sumus illo
they entered herepenetraverunt huc
he escaped thattransfugit ad illud
I can explain thatpossum explicare illud
she feels that tooilla sentit illud quoque
we fled from therefugimus inde
they will fly tomorrowvolabunt cras
I can follow youpossum sequi te / vos
she forgot meilla oblita est mei
we forgive himindulgemus eum
I can give her thatpossum dare illud illi
she goes thereilla it illuc
we greeted themsalutavimus eos
I hate thatodi illud
I can hear itpossum audire id
she imagine thatilla fingit mente illud
we invited theminvitavimus eos
I know himagnosco eum
she learned itilla didicit id
we leave nowimus nunc
they lied about himmentiti sunt in eo
I can listen to thatpossum audire id
she lost thatilla orbata est illo
we made it yesterdayfecimus id heri
they met himoccurrerunt in eum
I misspell thatscripsi mendose illud
I always prayprecor semper
she prefers thatilla anteponit illud
we protected themproteximus eos
they will punish herpunient eam
I can put it therepossum ponere id ibi
she will read itilla leget id
we received thataccepimus illud
they refuse to talknolunt loqui
I remember thatmemini illud
she repeats thatilla iterum facit illud
we see itvidemus id
they sell itvendunt id
I sent that yesterdaymisi illud heri
he shaved his beardrasit suam barbam
it shrunk quicklycoiit rapide
we will sing itcanemus id
they sat theresederunt illic
I can speak itpossum loqui
she spends moneyilla expendit pecunias
we suffered from thatlaboravimus ex illo
they suggest thatsuadent illud
I surprised himaffeci admiratione eum
she took thatilla cepit illud
we teach itdocemus id
they told usnarraverunt nobis
she thanked himilla egit gratias ei
I can think about itpossum cogitare de eo
she threw itilla iecit id
we understand thatcognoscimus illud
they want thatvolunt illud
I can wear itpossum induere id
she writes thatilla scribit illud
we talk about itloquimur de eo
they have ithabent id
I watched itvigilavi id
I will talk about itloquar de eo
he bought that yesterdayemit illud heri
we finished itfecimus id

Verbs in the present past and future tense have a very important role in Latin, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Latin Verbs, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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