Latin Pronouns

Latin Pronouns

If you're trying to learn Latin Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Latin grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

Share

Latin Pronouns

Learning the Latin Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Latin language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Latin.

Latin pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).

Grammar Tips:


In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Latin, the personal pronouns are:
ego (I),  (you), is (he), ea (she), id (it), 
nōs (we), vōs (you all), eī or iī (they masc.), eae (they fem.), ea (they neuter)
Examples: ego amo (I love), amās (you love), is amat (he loves),
nōs amāmus (we love), vōs amātis (you all love), eae amant (they love)


Note: Since the verb’s ending also indicates the number and person of the subject, you typically will not see ego, tu, etc.

Other forms:

Singular

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Ego, I

Tū, You

Nom.

is

ea

id

ego

Gen.

eius

eius

eius

meī

tuī

Dat.

mihi

tibi

Acc.

eum

eam

id

Abl.

Plural

 

 

 

 

 

Nom.

eī or iī

eae

ea

nōs

vōs

Gen.

eōrum

eārum

eōrum

nostrum or nostrī

vestrum or vestrī

Dat.

eīs or iīs

eīs or iīs

eīs or iīs

nōbīs

vōbīs

Acc.

eōs

eās

ea

nōs

vōs

Abl.

eīs

eīs

eīs

nōbīs

vōbīs


Here are some examples:

English PronounsLatin Pronouns
Pronounspronomina
I Ego
youtu /vos
heis
sheea
we nos
theyii
memihi / me
youtibi , te / vobis, vos
himeum
heream
usnobis, nos
themeos
my meus
yourtuus / vester
his suus
hersua
ournoster
theirsuus
minemeus
yourstuus/ vester
his suus
herssua
oursnoster
theirssuus

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Pronouns in Latin has a logical pattern. Locate the Pronouns above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Latin.

List of Pronouns in Latin

Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Latin placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English PronounsLatin Pronouns
I speak loquor
you speakloqueris /loquimini
he speaksloquitur
she speaksilla loquitur
we speak loquimur
they speakloquuntur
give meda mihi
da tibi /da vobis
give himda ei
give herda ei
give usda nobis
give themda iis
my bookmeus liber
your booktuus liber / vester liber
his booksuus liber
her booksuus liber
our booknoster liber
their booksuus liber

Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Latin, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Latin Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


Share