Latin Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Latin Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Latin grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Latin. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Latin Adjectives

Learning the Latin Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Latin language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Latin.

Latin Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:


While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Latin an adjective should agree in gender and number with the noun. For example:

a.                   Masculine to feminine example:
Hic meus fīlius parvus est. (this is my little son) becomes: Haec mea fīlia parva est. (this is my little daughter)

As you can see from the example above, the adjective takes the feminine form.  Because the case of the adjective matches the noun it modifies, word order is not necessarily important in Latin.  Typically the verb will be at the end of the sentence with the subject close by.

  1. Singular to plural example:
    Haec mea blanca rosa est (this is my white rose) becomes: Hae meae blancae rosae sunt. (these are my white roses)

    As you can see from the example above, the adjective takes the plural form.

Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesLatin Adjectives
adjectivesadiectiva
a green treearbor viridis
a tall buildingedificium altum
a very old manextremae senectutis homo
the old red housedomus rubra vetus
a very nice friendamicus carissimus

Notice the structure of the Adjectives in Latin.

List of Adjectives in Latin

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Latin placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Latin vocabulary.

English AdjectivesLatin Adjectives
colorscolores
blackniger color
bluecaeruleus color
brownfuscus color
graycineraceus color
greenviridis color
orangeluteus color
purpleviolaceus color
redruber color
whitealbus color
yellowflavus color
sizesmensurae
bigmagnus
deepprofundus
longlongus
narrowangustus
shortbrevis
smallparvus
tallaltus
thickdensus
thingracilis
widelatus
shapesformae
circularrotundus
straightrectus
squarequadratus
triangulartriangulus
tastessapores
bitteracerbus
freshfrigidus
saltysalsus
souracidus
spicypiperatus
sweetdulcis
qualitiesspecies
badmalus
cleantersus
darkater
difficultdifficilis
dirtysordidus
drysiccus
easyfacilis
emptycassus
expensivecarus
fastvelox
foreignextrarius
fullplenus
goodbonus
harddurus
heavygravis
inexpensiveinsumptuosus
lightsplendidus
localloci (gen of locus)
newnovus
noisysonans
oldvetus
powerfulpotens
quietquietus
correctrectus
slowtardus
softmollis
veryvalde
weaktenuis
wetmadidus
wrongemendosus
youngtener
quantitiesmodi
fewpauci
littleparum
manymulti
muchmultum
partpars
somealiquis
a fewaliqui
wholeuniversus

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Latin. Once you're done with Latin Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Latin lessons here: Learn Latin. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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