Korean Vocabulary

Korean Vocabulary

If you're trying to learn Korean Vocabulary you will find some useful resources including a course about vocabulary and expressions... to help you with your Korean grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Korean. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

Share

Korean Vocabulary

Learning the Korean Vocabulary is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Korean language. But first we need to know what the role of Vocabulary is in the structure of the grammar in Korean.

Korean vocabulary is the set of words you should be familiar with. A vocabulary usually grows and evolves with age, and serves as a useful and fundamental tool for communication and acquiring knowledge. Here are some examples:

English VocabularyKorean Vocabulary
Vocabulary
colors색상 - saek sang
black검정 - geom jeong
blue파랑 - pa rang
brown갈색 - gal saek
gray회색 - hoe saek
green초록 - cho rok
orange오렌지 - o ren ji
purple보라 - bo ra
red빨강 - ppal gang
white하얀/흰색 - ha yan huin saek
yellow노랑 - no rang

List of Vocabulary in Korean

Below is a list of the vocabulary and expressions in Korean placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Korean vocabulary.

English VocabularyKorean Vocabulary
sizes크기 - keu gi
big큰 - keun
deep깊은 - gip eun
long긴 - gin
narrow폭이 좁은 - pog i job eun
short짧은 - jjalb eun
small작은 - jag eun
tall키가 큰 - ki ga keun
thick두꺼운 - du kkeo un
thin얇은 - yalb eun
wide넓은 - neolb eun
tastes맛 - mat
bitter쓴 - sseun
fresh신선한 - sin seon han
salty짠 - jjan
sour신(시큼한) - sin si keum han
spicy매운 - mae un
sweet달콤한 - dal kom han
qualities특성 - teuk seong
bad나쁜 - na ppeun
clean깨끗한 - kkae kkeut han
dark어두운 - eo du un
difficult어려운 - eo ryeo un
dirty더러운 - deo reo un
dry건조한 - geon jo han
easy쉬운 - swi un
empty비어있는/빈 - bi eo it neun bin
expensive(가격이) 비싼 - ga gyeog i bi ssan
fast빨리 - ppal li
foreign외국의 - oe gug ui
full가득한/완전한 - ga deuk han wan jeon han
good좋은 - joh eun
hard딱딱한/어려운 - ttak ttak han eo ryeo un
heavy무거운 - mu geo un
inexpensive값싼/바싸지 않은 - gapt ssan ba ssa ji anh eun
light가벼운/밝은 - ga byeo un balg eun
local지역의/현지의 - ji yeog ui hyeon ji ui
new새로운 - sae ro un
noisy시끄러운 - si kkeu reo un
old오래된/늙은 - o rae doen neulg eun
powerful강한 - gang han
quiet조용한 - jo yong han
correct올바른 - ol ba reun
slow느린/천천히 - neu rin cheon cheon hi
soft부드러운 - bu deu reo un
very매우/아주 - mae u a ju
weak약한 - yak han
wet젖은 - jeoj eun
wrong잘못된 - jal mot doen
young어린/젊은 - eo rin jeolm eun
food음식 - eum sik
almonds아몬드 - a mon deu
bread빵 - ppang
breakfast아침 식사 - a chim sik sa
butter버터 - beo teo
candy사탕 - sa tang
cheese치즈 - chi jeu
chicken닭고기 - dalk go gi
cumin커민 - keo min
dessert디저트 - di jeo teu
dinner저녁 식사 - jeo nyeog sik sa
fish생선 - saeng seon
fruit과일 - gwa il
ice cream아이스크림 - a i seu keu rim
lamb양고기 - yang go gi
lemon레몬 - re mon
lunch점심 식사 - jeom sim sik sa
meal식사 - sik sa
meat고기 - go gi
oven오븐 - o beun
pepper후추 - hu chu
plants식물 - sik mul
pork돼지고기 - dwae ji go gi
salad샐러드 - sael leo deu
salt소금 - so geum
sandwich샌드위치 - saen deu wi chi
sausage소시지 - so si ji
soup수프 - su peu
sugar설탕 - seol tang
supper저녁 식사 - jeo nyeog sik sa
turkey칠면조 - chil myeon jo
apple사과 - sa gwa
banana바나나 - ba na na
oranges오렌지 - o ren ji
peaches복숭아 - bok sung a
peanut땅콩 - ttang kong
pears배 - bae
pineapple파인애플 - pa in ae peul
grapes포도 - po do
strawberries딸기 - ttal gi
vegetables야채 - ya chae
carrot당근 - dang geun
corn옥수수 - ok su su
cucumber오이 - o i
garlic마늘 - ma neul
lettuce양상추 - yang sang chu
olives올리브 - ol li beu
onions양파 - yang pa
peppers후추 - hu chu
potatoes감자 - gam ja
pumpkin호박 - ho bak
beans콩 - kong
tomatoes토마토 - to ma to
alligator악어 - ag eo
alligators악어(들) - ag eo deur
bear곰 - gom
bears곰(들) - gom deur
bird새 - sae
birds새(들) - sae deur
bull황소 - hwang so
bulls황소(들) - hwang so deur
cat고양이 - go yang i
cats고양이(들) - go yang i deur
cow암소 - am so
cows암소(들) - am so deur
deer사슴 - sa seum
many deer여러 마리의 사슴 - yeo reo ma ri ui sa seum
dog개 - gae
dogs개(들) - gae deur
donkey당나귀 - dang na gwi
donkeys당나귀(들) - dang na gwi deur
eagle독수리 - dok su ri
eagles독수리(들) - dok su ri deur
elephant코끼리 - ko kki ri
elephants코끼리(들) - ko kki ri deur
giraffe기린 - gi rin
giraffes기린(들) - gi rin deur
goat염소 - yeom so
goats염소(들) - yeom so deur
horse말 - mal
horses말(들) - mar deur
lion사자 - sa ja
lions사자(들) - sa ja deur
monkey원숭이 - won sung i
monkeys원숭이(들) - won sung i deur
mouse쥐 - jwi
mice쥐(들) - jwi deur
rabbit토끼 - to kki
rabbits토끼(들) - to kki deur
snake뱀 - baem
snakes뱀(들) - baem deur
tiger호랑이 - ho rang i
tigers호랑이(들) - ho rang i deur
wolf늑대 - neuk dae
wolves늑대(들) - neuk dae deur
objects물건/물체 - mul geon mul che
bathroom욕실 - yok sil
bed침대 - chim dae
bedroom침실 - chim sil
ceiling천장 - cheon jang
chair의자 - ui ja
clothes옷 - ot
coat코트 - ko teu
cup컵 - keop
desk책상 - chaek sang
dress드레스 - deu re seu
floor층/바닥 - cheung ba dak
fork포크 - po keu
furniture가구 - ga gu
glass유리 - yu ri
hat모자 - mo ja
house집 - jip
ink잉크 - ing keu
jacket재킷 - jae kit
kitchen부엌 - bu eok
knife칼 - kal
lamp램프 - raem peu
letter편지/서신 - pyeon ji seo sin
map지도 - ji do
newspaper신문 - sin mun
notebook수첩 - su cheop
pants바지 - ba ji
paper종이 - jong i
pen펜 - pen
pencil연필 - yeon pil
pharmacy약국 - yak guk
picture그림 - geu rim
plate접시/그릇 - jeop si geu reut
refrigerator냉장고 - naeng jang go
restaurant레스토랑/식당 - re seu to rang sik dang
roof지붕 - ji bung
room방 - bang
rug깔개/양탄자 - kkal gae yang tan ja
scissors가위 - ga wi
shampoo샴푸 - syam pu
shirt셔츠 - syeo cheu
shoes구두 - gu du
soap비누 - bi nu
socks양말 - yang mal
spoon숟가락 - sut ga rak
table식탁/탁자 - sik tag tak ja
toilet화장실 - hwa jang sil
toothbrush칫솔 - chit sol
toothpaste치약 - chi yak
towel수건 - su geon
umbrella우산 - u san
underwear속옷 - sog ot
wall벽 - byeok
wallet지갑 - ji gap
window창문 - chang mun
telephone전화/전화기 - jeon hwa jeon hwa gi
this이것 - i geot
that그것 - geu geot
these이것들 - i geot deul
those그것들 - geu geot deul
Questions
how?어떻게? - eo tteoh ge ?
what?무엇을? - mu eos eur ?
who?누가? - nu ga ?
why?왜? - wae ?
where?어디로? - eo di ro ?
different objects다양한 대상/물체 - da yang han dae sang mul che
art예술 - ye sul
bank은행 - eun haeng
beach바닷가 - ba dat ga
book책 - chaek
by bicycle자전거로 - ja jeon geo ro
by bus버스로 - beo seu ro
by car자동차로 - ja dong cha ro
by train기차로 - gi cha ro
cafe카페 - ka pe
country국가/나라 - guk ga na ra
desert사막 - sa mak
dictionary사전 - sa jeon
earth흙/지구 - heulg ji gu
flowers꽃 - kkoc
football축구 - chuk gu
forest숲 - sup
game게임/경기 - ge im gyeong gi
garden정원 - jeong won
geography지리학 - ji ri hak
history역사 - yeok sa
house집 - jip
island섬 - seom
lake호수 - ho su
library도서관 - do seo gwan
math수학 - su hak
moon달 - dal
mountain산 - san
movies영화 - yeong hwa
music음악 - eum ak
ocean바다/대양 - ba da dae yang
office사무실 - sa mu sil
on foot도보/걸어서 - do bo geor eo seo
player선수 - seon su
river강 - gang
science과학 - gwa hak
sea바다 - ba da
sky하늘 - ha neul
soccer축구 - chuk gu
stars별 - byeol
supermarket슈퍼마켓 - syu peo ma ket
swimming pool수영장 - su yeong jang
theater극장 - geuk jang
tree나무 - na mu
weather날씨 - nal ssi
bad weather나쁜 날씨/악천후 - na ppeun nal ssi ak cheon hu
cloudy흐린 - heu rin
cold추운 - chu un
cool시원한 - si won han
foggy안개가 낀 - an gae ga kkin
hot더운 - deo un
nice weather좋은 날씨 - joh eun nal ssi
pouring비가 쏟아짐 - bi ga ssod a jim
rain비 - bi
raining비가 내림 - bi ga nae rim
snow눈 - nun
snowing눈이옴 - nun i om
ice얼음 - eor eum
sunny화창한/햇살이 내리쬐는 - hwa chang han haet sar i nae ri jjoe neun
windy바람이 부는 - ba ram i bu neun
spring봄 - bom
summer여름 - yeo reum
autumn가을 - ga eul
winter겨울 - gyeo ul
people사람 - sa ram
aunt이모/고모/숙모 - i mo go mo suk mo
baby아기 - a gi
brother형/오빠/형제 - hyeong o ppa hyeong je
cousin사촌 - sa chon
daughter딸 - ttal
dentist치과 의사 - chi gwa ui sa
doctor의사 - ui sa
father아버지 - a beo ji
grandfather할아버지 - har a beo ji
grandmother할머니 - hal meo ni
husband남편 - nam pyeon
mother어머니 - eo meo ni
nephew조카(아들) - jo ka a deur
niece조카(딸) - jo ka ttar
nurse간호사 - gan ho sa
policeman경찰 - gyeong chal
postman우체부 - u che bu
professor교수 - gyo su
son아들 - a deul
teacher선생님 - seon saeng nim
uncle삼촌/아저씨 - sam chon a jeo ssi
wife아내 - a nae

Vocabulary and expressions have a very important role in Korean, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Korean Vocabulary, you might want to check the rest of our Korean lessons here: Learn Korean. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


Share