Japanese Prepositions

Japanese Prepositions

If you're trying to learn Japanese Prepositions you will find some useful resources including a course about time and place prepositions and and demonstrative pronouns... to help you with your Japanese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Japanese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Japanese Prepositions

Learning the Japanese Prepositions is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Japanese language. But first we need to know what the role of Prepositions is in the structure of the grammar in Japanese.

Japanese prepositions link nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition. Here are some examples:

English PrepositionsJapanese Prepositions
Prepositionszenchishi - 前置詞
inside the houseokunai de - 屋内で
outside the carshagai de - 車外で
with mewatashi to issho ni - 私と一緒に
without himkare nashi de - 彼なしで
under the tableteeburu no shita ni - テーブルの下に
after tomorrowasatte - 明後日
before sunsetnichibotsu mae - 日没前
but I'm busyshikashi , watashi wa isogashii desu - しかし、私は忙しいです

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Prepositions in Japanese has a logical pattern. Locate the Prepositions above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Japanese.

List of Prepositions in Japanese

Below is a list of the Time place and demonstrative pronouns in Japanese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Japanese vocabulary.

English PrepositionsJapanese Prepositions
aboutyaku -
aboveue ni - 上に
acrossyokogit te - 横切って
afteratoni - 後に
againstni taishi te - に対して
amongno aida ni - の間に
aroundno mawari ni - の周りに
astoshite - として
atni -
beforemae -
behindushiro ni - 後ろに
belowshita ni - 下に
beneathshita ni - 下に
besideyoko ni - 横に
betweenno aida ni - の間に
beyondkoe te - 越えて
butshikashi - しかし
byniyotte - によって
despiteni mo kakawara zu - にもかかわらず
downshita ni - 下に
duringaida ni - 間に
exceptnozoi te - 除いて
forno tame ni - のために
fromkara - から
innaka de - 中で
insidenaibu de - 内部で
intonaka ni - 中に
nearchikaku ni - 近くに
nexttsugi no - 次の
ofno -
onue ni - 上に
oppositehantai no - 反対の
outsoto de - 外で
outsidesoto gawa de - 外側で
overue ni - 上に
pergoto ni - ごとに
plusto -
roundmawari ni - 周りに
sincekara - から
thanyori - より
throughmade - まで
tillmade - まで
toni -
towardni mukat te - に向かって
undershita ni - 下に
unliketo wa chigat te - とは違って
untilmade - まで
upue ni - 上に
viakeiyu shi te - 経由して
withto -
withinnaibu ni - 内部に
withoutnashi de - なしで
two wordsfuta koto - 二言
according toni yoru to - によると
because ofno tame ni - のために
close tono chikaku ni - の近くに
due tono tame ni - のために
except forwo nozoi te - を除いて
far fromtooi - 遠い
inside ofno naka ni - の中に
instead ofno kawari ni - の代わりに
near tono chikaku ni - の近くに
next tono tonari ni - の隣に
outside ofno soto gawa ni - の外側に
prior tono mae ni - の前に
three wordsmittsu no kotoba - 三つの言葉
as far askagiri - 限り
as well asdake de naku - だけでなく
in addition toni kuwae te - に加えて
in front ofno mae ni - の前に
in spite ofni mo kakawara zu - にもかかわらず
on behalf ofni kawat te - に代わって
on top ofno ue ni - の上に
demonstrative pronounsshiji zenchishi - 指示前置詞
thiskono - この
thatsono - その
thesekorera no - これらの
thosesorera no - それらの

Time place and demonstrative pronouns have a very important role in Japanese, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Japanese Prepositions, you might want to check the rest of our Japanese lessons here: Learn Japanese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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