Japanese Adjectives

Japanese Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Japanese Adjectives you will find some useful resources including a course about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Japanese grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Japanese. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Japanese Adjectives

Learning the Japanese Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the Japanese language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Japanese.

Japanese Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesJapanese Adjectives
adjectiveskeiyoushi - 形容詞
a green treemidori no ki - 緑の木
a tall buildingtakai biru - 高いビル
a very old mankourei no otoko - 高齢の男
the old red housefuruku te akai ie - 古くて赤い家
a very nice friendtotemo yasashii tomodachi - とても優しい友達

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Adjectives in Japanese has a logical pattern. Locate the Adjectives above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Japanese.

List of Adjectives in Japanese

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Japanese placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Japanese vocabulary.

English AdjectivesJapanese Adjectives
colorsiro -
blackkuroi - 黒い
blueaoi - 青い
brownchairo no - 茶色の
grayhaiiro no - 灰色 の
greenmidori no - 緑の
orangeorenji iro no - オレンジ色の
purplemurasaki no - 紫の
redakai - 赤い
whiteshiroi - 白い
yellowkiiroi - 黄色い
sizesookisa - 大きさ
bigookii - 大きい
deepfukai - 深い
longnagai - 長い
narrowsemai - 狭い
shortmijikai - 短い
smallchiisai - 小さい
talltakai - 高い
thickatsui - 厚い
thinusui - 薄い
widehiroi - 広い
shapeskeijou - 形状
circularmarui - 丸い
straightmassugu na - まっすぐな
squareshikakui - 四角い
triangularsankaku no - 三角の
tastesaji -
bitternigai - 苦い
freshshioke no nai - 塩気のない
saltyshiokarai - 塩辛い
soursuppai - 酸っぱい
spicykarai - 辛い
sweetamai - 甘い
qualitiesseishitsu - 性質
badwarui - 悪い
cleankirei - きれい
darkkurai - 暗い
difficultmuzukashii - 難しい
dirtykitanai - 汚い
drykawai ta - 乾いた
easykantan na - 簡単な
emptykara no - 空の
expensivekouka na - 高価な
fasthayai - 速い
foreigngaikoku no - 外国の
fullippai no - いっぱいの
goodyoi - 良い
hardkatai - 固い
heavyomoi - 重い
inexpensiveyasui - 安い
lightkarui - 軽い
localroukaru - ローカル
newatarashii - 新しい
noisyurusai - うるさい
oldfurui - 古い
powerfulkyouryoku na - 強力な
quietshizuka na - 静かな
correcttadashii - 正しい
slowosoi - 遅い
softyawarakai - 柔らかい
verytotemo - とても
weakyowai - 弱い
wetshimetta - 湿った
wrongmachigatta - 間違った
youngwakai - 若い
quantitiessuuryou - 数量
fewshousuu no - 少数の
littlesukoshi no - 少しの
manytasuu no - たすうの
muchtakusan no - たくさんの
partichibu - 一部
someikutsu ka no - いくつかの
a fewshousuu no - 少数の
wholezenbu no - 全部の

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Japanese, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with Japanese Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Japanese lessons here: Learn Japanese. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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