Indonesian Verbs

Indonesian Verbs

If you're trying to learn Indonesian Verbs which is also called Bahasa Indonesia, check our courses about Verbs in the present past and future tense... to help you with your Indonesian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Indonesian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Indonesian Verbs

Learning the Indonesian Verbs is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Indonesian language. But first we need to know what the role of Verbs is in the structure of the grammar in Indonesian.

Indonesian verbs are words that convey action (bring, read, walk, run), or a state of being (exist, stand). In most languages a verb may agree with the person, gender, and/or number of some of its arguments, such as its subject, or object.

Verbs in Indonesian are easy to learn. Unlike those in English, Indonesian verbs have no tenses. Verbs are retaining their original form regardless of time used in sentence.

 

Example:

I am reading book = saya sedang membaca buku

 

In this example, we use the word “sedang” to inform that the reading is take place right now. The verb “membaca” retain its original form.

 

More examples:

 

Saya bekerja

I work

Saya sedang bekerja

I am working

Saya sudah bekerja

I have worked

I have worked

I had worked

I have been working

I had been working

Saya akan bekerja

I will work

I will be working

I will have worked

 

 

Indonesian does not have the verb 'to be'. It's similar to the Indonesian word ‘adalah’, but in most cases it’s simply omitted.

 

Example:

He is a teacher = Dia (adalah) seorang guru.

This is her book = Ini (adalah) bukunya.

 

You can omit the word ‘adalah’ in informal cases. In case of adjectives or passive sentence, ‘adalah‘ MUST be omitted.

 

Example:

She is beautiful = Dia cantik

I am called = Saya dipanggil

 

 

 


Indonesian verbs also have connotation. There are several words to express something, depending on the subjects.

 

Example:

 

The English word “die”.

 

Mati

(natural sense, usually used on animal)

Gugur

a hero/soldier who died on duty/war)

Mangkat

A king, emperor, president, etc

Meninggal dunia

An ordinary men, die because of illness.

Wafat

An ordinary men, die because of age

Tewas

People die in accident, murder, suicide, and any un-natural cause.

Mampus

Bad guy, such as robber or thief shot down by policeman.

 

If you’re new to Indonesian and don’t know what to say, just simply use the natural word.

 

 

 


Verbs are mostly used with prefixes and suffixes. In our previous examples, there are words “membaca” and “bekerja”.

 

Membaca (to read)      = me+baca

Bekerja (to work)        = be+kerja

 

in informal cases , “baca” and “kerja” can be used directly without prefix.

 

Example:

 

English            = Dad is reading a newspaper

 

Informal          = Bapak sedang baca koran

Formal             = Bapak sedang membaca koran

 

Prefixes and suffixes are said to be one of the hardest things when learning Indonesian. There were many of them; each with many slight transformations depends on the following or followed letter. Moreover, some prefixes must be combined with certain suffixes when they are used with certain words. We’ll learn about prefix and suffix in separated material.

Here are some other examples:

English VerbsIndonesian Verbs
VerbsKata kerja
PastLalu
I spokeAku berbicara
I wroteAku menulis
I droveAku mengemudi
I lovedAku mencintai
I gaveAku memberikan
I smiledAku tersenyum
I tookAku mengambil
he spokeia berbicara
he wroteia menulis
he droveia menyetir
he loveddia mencintai
he gaveia memberi
he smileddia tersenyum
he tookia mengambil
we spokekami bicara
we wrotekami menulis
we drovekami mengendarai
we lovedkami mencintai
we gavekami memberikan
we smiledkita tersenyum
we tookkami mengambil
FutureMasa depan
I will speakAku akan berbicara
I will writeAku akan menulis
I will driveAku akan mendorong
I will loveAku akan mencintai
I will giveAku akan memberikan
I will smileAku akan tersenyum
I will takeAku akan mengambil
he will speakia akan berbicara
he will writeia akan menulis
he will driveia akan mengendarai
he will loveia akan menciantai
he will giveia akan memberikan
he will smiledia akan tersenyum
he will takedia akan mengambil
we will speakkita akan berbicara
we will writekita akan menulis
we will drivekami akan mengendarai
we will lovekami akan mencintai
we will givekami akan memberikan
we will smilekita akan tersenyum
we will takekami akan mengambil
PresentSekarang
I speakAku berbicara
I writeAku menulis
I drivesaya mengendarai
I lovesaya mencintai
I giveAku memberikan
I smileAku tersenyum
I takeAku mengambil
he speaksia berbicara
he writesia menulis
he drivesdia mengendarai
he lovesdia mencintai
he givesia memberikan
he smilesdia tersenyum
he takesia mengambil
we speakkita berbicara
we writekita menulis
we drivekita mengendarai
we lovekita mencintai
we givekita berikan
we smilekita tersenyum
we takekita

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Verbs in Indonesian has a logical pattern. Locate the Verbs above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Bahasa Indonesia.

List of Verbs in Indonesian

Below is a list of the conjugated Verbs in the present past and future in Indonesian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Indonesian vocabulary.

English VerbsIndonesian Verbs
I can accept thatSaya bisa menerima bahwa
she added itdia menambahkan hal itu
we admit itkita mengakuinya
they advised himmereka menasihatinya
I can agree with thatSaya bisa setuju dengan itu
she allows itia memungkinkan
we announce itkami mengumumkannya
I can apologizeAku bisa minta maaf
she appears todaydia muncul hari ini
they arranged thatmereka mengatur bahwa
I can arrive tomorrowAku bisa tiba besok
she can ask himdia bisa memintanya
she attaches thatia melekat bahwa
we attack themkami menyerang mereka
they avoid hermereka menghindarinya
I can bake itsaya bisa memanggangnya
she is like himdia seperti dia
we beat itkami mengalahkannya
they became happymereka menjadi bahagia
I can begin thatAku bisa memulai bahwa
we borrowed moneykita meminjam uang
they breathe airmereka menghirup udara
I can bring itAku bisa membawanya
I can build thatAku dapat membangun bahwa
she buys foodia membeli makanan
we calculate itkami menghitungnya
they carry itmereka membawanya
they don't cheatmereka tidak menipu
she chooses himdia memilih dia
we close itkami tutup
he comes heredia datang ke sini
I can compare thatAku dapat membandingkan
she competes with media bersaing dengan saya
we complain about itkita mengeluh tentang hal itu
they continued readingmereka terus membaca
he cried about thatia berteriak tentang itu
I can decide nowAku bisa memutuskan sekarang
she described it to meia menjelaskan padaku
we disagree about itkita tidak setuju tentang hal itu
they disappeared quicklymereka menghilang dengan cepat
I discovered thatSaya menemukan bahwa
she dislikes thatia tidak suka bahwa
we do itkita melakukannya
they dream about itmereka bermimpi tentang itu
I earnedAku diterima
he eats a lotia makan banyak
we enjoyed thatkami menikmati bahwa
they entered heremereka masuk sini
he escaped thatia melarikan diri bahwa
I can explain thatSaya bisa menjelaskan bahwa
she feels that tooia merasa demikian juga
we fled from therekami melarikan diri dari sana
they will fly tomorrowmereka akan terbang besok
I can follow youAku bisa mengikuti Anda
she forgot meia melupakan saya
we forgive himkita memaafkannya
I can give her thatAku bisa memberinya bahwa
she goes theredia pergi ke sana
we greeted themkami menyambut mereka
I hate thatAku benci
I can hear itAku bisa mendengarnya
she imagine thatdia membayangkan bahwa
we invited themkami mengundang mereka
I know himAku tahu dia
she learned itdia belajar itu
we leave nowkita berangkat sekarang
they lied about himmereka berbohong tentang dia
I can listen to thatAku bisa mendengarkan bahwa
she lost thatia kehilangan
we made it yesterdaykami melakukannya kemarin
they met himmereka bertemu dengannya
I misspell thatsaya salah mengeja bahwa
I always prayAku selalu berdoa
she prefers thatia lebih suka
we protected themkita melindungi mereka
they will punish hermereka akan menghukumnya
I can put it thereAku dapat menaruhnya di sana
she will read itdia akan membacanya
we received thatkami menerima bahwa
they refuse to talkmereka menolak untuk berbicara
I remember thatAku ingat bahwa
she repeats thatia mengulangi lagi bahwa
we see itkita melihatnya
they sell itmereka menjualnya
I sent that yesterdayAku mengirim kemarin
he shaved his beardia mencukur jenggot
it shrunk quicklyitu menyusut dengan cepat
we will sing itkami akan menyanyikannya
they sat theremereka duduk di sana
I can speak itSaya bisa berbicara itu
she spends moneyia menghabiskan uang
we suffered from thatkami menderita dari yang
they suggest thatmereka berpendapat bahwa
I surprised himsaya mengejutkannya
she took thatia mengambil yang
we teach itkita mengajarkan
they told usmereka mengatakan kepada kami
she thanked himia mengucapkan terima kasih
I can think about itSaya bisa berpikir tentang hal ini
she threw itia melemparkannya
we understand thatkami memahami bahwa
they want thatmereka ingin bahwa
I can wear itSaya bisa memakainya
she writes thatia menulis bahwa
we talk about itkita membicarakan hal ini
they have itmereka memilikinya
I watched itAku menontonnya
I will talk about itAku akan membicarakannya
he bought that yesterdaydia beli kemarin
we finished itkami selesai itu

Verbs in the present past and future tense have a very important role in Indonesian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Bahasa Indonesia Verbs, you might want to check the rest of our Indonesian lessons here: Learn Indonesian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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