Indonesian Questions

If you're trying to learn Indonesian Questions which is also called Bahasa Indonesia, check our courses about Questions and interrogative expressions... to help you with your Indonesian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Indonesian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Indonesian Questions

Learning the Indonesian Questions is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Indonesian language. But first we need to know what the role of Questions is in the structure of the grammar in Indonesian.

Indonesian questions may be either a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or else the request itself made by such an expression. Usually it starts with why, how, where, when.

Grammar Tips:

In Indonesian there are 4 ways of asking a question to get a yes or no answer, and they are the following:

-Verb + pronoun: Unlike English, the auxiliaries do and does are not used. apakah dia punya waktu luang? (Does she have free time?)

-Pronoun verb: Only the intonation makes the sentence interrogative: apakah dia punya waktu luang? (Does she have free time?)

-Verb +...+ pronoun. The pronoun goes last: apakah dia punya waktu luang?(Does she have free time?)

-Finally you can also make a question by adding a tag question to the end of a statement.dia punya waktu luang, bukan? (She has free time, doesn’t she)

Yes- No question

Question which seek the answer 'yes' or 'no' are yes-no question. example

kamu lapar? (are you hungry)

tidak. (no)

the answer might not be a simple positive or negative . There are many other responses, such as kadang-kadang ( sometimes), mungkin ( possibly) and so on.

Yes- no question are spoken with interrogative intonation, marked by a rise in final pitch, and written with a final question mark. Frequently intonation ( a question mark in writing) is the only difference between a statement, marked by a fall in final pitch and yes-no question

 

Sri sudah pulang (Sri has gone home)

Sri sudah pulang? (Has Sri gone home?)

 

Dia guru (he is a teacher)

Dia guru?  (Is he a teacher?)

Bukan as a sentence tag

Bukan can be attached  to a statement to turn it into a question.Bukan then corresponds to a sentence tag with 'be', 'have', or 'do' in English. This is usually used either when the speaker, is uncertain as to the truth of the statement, seeks confirmation or, when knowing the statement to be correct, seeks agreement from the addressee

Example:

kamu  mahasiswa, bukan?  (you are a student, aren't you?)

pesawat berangkat jam lima, bukan?  (the plane leaves at five, doesn't it?)


Here are some examples:

English QuestionsIndonesian Questions
QuestionsPertanyaan
how?bagaimana?
what?apa?
who?siapa?
why?mengapa?
where?mana?
where is he?di mana dia?
what is this?apa ini?
why are you sad?kenapa kau sedih?
how do you want to pay?bagaimana Anda ingin membayar?
can I come?bisa aku datang?
is he sleeping?dia tidur?
do you know me?Anda tahu saya?
do you have my book?apakah Anda memiliki buku saya?
how big is it?seberapa besar itu?
can I help you?bisa saya bantu?
can you help me?Anda dapat membantu saya?
do you speak English?Anda berbahasa Inggris?
how far is this?sejauh ini?
what time is it?jam berapa sekarang?
how much is this?berapa banyak ini?
what is your name?apa nama Anda?
where do you live?mana Anda tinggal?

Notice the structure of the Questions in Indonesian.

List of Questions in Indonesian

Below is a list of the Questions and interrogative expressions in Indonesian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Indonesian vocabulary.

English QuestionsIndonesian Questions
VocabularyKosa kata
CountriesNegara
AustraliaAustralia
CambodiaKamboja
CanadaKanada
ChinaCina
EgyptMesir
EnglandInggris
FrancePerancis
GermanyJerman
GreeceYunani
IndiaIndia
IndonesiaIndonesia
ItalyItalia
JapanJepang
MexicoMeksiko
MoroccoMaroko
PeruPeru
SpainSpanyol
ThailandThailand
USAAmerika Serikat
LanguagesBahasa
ArabicArab
ChineseCina
EnglishInggris
FrenchPerancis
GermanJerman
GreekYunani
HebrewIbrani
HindiHindi
ItalianItalia
JapaneseJepang
KoreanKorea
LatinLatin
RussianRusia
SpanishSpanyol
UrduUrdu
DaysHari-hari
MondaySenin
TuesdaySelasa
WednesdayRabu
ThursdayKamis
FridayJumat
SaturdaySabtu
SundayMinggu
timewaktu
hourjam
minutemenit
seconddetik

Questions and interrogative expressions have a very important role in Indonesian. Once you're done with the Bahasa Indonesia Questions, you might want to check the rest of our Indonesian lessons here: Learn Indonesian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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