Indonesian Pronouns

Indonesian Pronouns

If you're trying to learn Indonesian Pronouns which is also called Bahasa Indonesia, check our courses about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Indonesian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Indonesian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Indonesian Pronouns

Learning the Indonesian Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Indonesian language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Indonesian.

Indonesian pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).

Grammar Tips:

Pronouns Lesson

In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Indonesian, the personal pronouns are:

aku... (I), kamu... (you), dia ( pria).... (he), dia ( wanita) (she), 

kita .... (we), mereka.... (they masc.), mereka (they fem.)

Examples:aku belajar (I learn), kamu belajar (you learn), dia belajar (he learns), ia belajar(she learns), anda belajar (you learn [polite]), kita belajar (we learn),  kalian belajar (you learn [plural, friendly]), mereka belajar (they learn), mereka belajar (they learn), kalian belajar  (you learn [plural, polite]).

 

Indirect Object Pronouns:

Indirect object pronouns are words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a person.

aku (me), kamu (you), dia (him, her, you (formal), kita (us), kalian (you), mereka (them):

Examples: berikan buku itu padaku (give me the book). aku cinta kamu (I love you).


Here are some examples:

English PronounsIndonesian Pronouns
PronounsKata ganti
IAku
youkau,kamu
hedia
shedia
wekita
theymereka
mesaya
youkamu
himdia
herdia
uskami
themmereka
mysaya
youranda
hisdia
herdia
ourkami
theirmereka
minemilik saya
yoursmilikmu
hismiliknya
hersmiliknya
oursmilik kita
theirsmilik mereka

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Pronouns in Indonesian has a logical pattern. Locate the Pronouns above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Bahasa Indonesia.

List of Pronouns in Indonesian

Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Indonesian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Indonesian vocabulary.

English PronounsIndonesian Pronouns
I speakAku berbicara
you speakAnda berbicara
he speaksia berbicara
she speaksia berbicara
we speakkita berbicara
they speakmereka berbicara
give meberi saya
give youmemberi kamu
give himmemberinya
give hermemberinya
give usmemberi kita
give themmemberi mereka
my bookbuku saya
your bookbuku anda
his bookbukunya
her bookbukunya
our bookbuku kami
their bookbuku mereka

Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Indonesian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Bahasa Indonesia Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Indonesian lessons here: Learn Indonesian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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