Indonesian Articles

If you're trying to learn Indonesian Articles which is also called Bahasa Indonesia, check our courses about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your Indonesian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Indonesian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Indonesian Articles

Learning the Indonesian Articles is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Indonesian language. But first we need to know what the role of Articles is in the structure of the grammar in Indonesian.

Indonesian articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".

Grammar Tips:

Unlike English, which has only one definite article “the", Indonesian has 4 definite articles:

itu (masculine singular), buku itu (the book)

itu (masculine singular) rumah itu (the house)

itu (masculine plural) buku-buku itu (the books)

itu (feminine plural)rumah-rumah itu(the houses)

 

Indefinite Article:

While we have (a / an / some) in English as indefinite articles, we also have sebuah, beberapa  in Indonesian .

In general, whenever (a, an) are used in English you, you need to use (un) or (una) to say the equivalent in Indonesian.

a(masculine singular), sebuah buku(a book)

a (masculine singular)   sebuah rumah(a house)

beberapa (masculine plural) beberapa buku (some books)

beberapa(feminine plural) beberapa rumah (some houses)

 

Example:buku-buku yang saya miliki ada di rumah  seorang teman. (The books I have are in a house of a friend)


Here are some examples:

English ArticlesIndonesian Articles
articlesartikel
theitu
asebuah
onesatu
somebeberapa
fewbeberapa
the bookbuku itu
the booksbuku-buku itu
a booksebuah buku
one booksatu buku
some booksbeberapa buku
few booksbeberapa buku

Notice the structure of the Articles in Indonesian.

List of Articles in Indonesian

Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in Indonesian. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Indonesian vocabulary.

English VocabularyIndonesian Vocabulary
Foodmakanan
almondskacang almond
breadroti
breakfastsarapan
buttermentega
candypermen
cheesekeju
chickenayam
cuminjinten
dessertpencuci mulut
dinnermakan malam
fishikan
fruitbuah
ice creames krim
lambdaging domba
lemonjeruk nipis
lunchmakan siang
mealmakan
meatdaging
ovenoven
pepperlada
plantstanaman
porkdaging babi
saladsalad
saltgaram
sandwichsandwich
sausagesosis
soupsup
sugargula
suppermakan malam
turkeykalkun
appleapel
bananapisang
orangesjeruk
peachespersik
peanutkacang tanah
pearspir
pineapplenanas
grapesanggur
strawberriesstroberi
vegetablessayur-sayuran
carrotwortel
cornjagung
cucumberketimun
garlicbawang putih
lettuceselada
oliveszaitun
onionsbawang
pepperspaprika
potatoeskentang
pumpkinlabu kuning
beanskacang
tomatoestomat

Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in Indonesian. Once you're done with the Bahasa Indonesia Articles, you might want to check the rest of our Indonesian lessons here: Learn Indonesian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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