Indonesian Adjectives

Indonesian Adjectives

If you're trying to learn Indonesian Adjectives which is also called Bahasa Indonesia, check our courses about Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes... to help you with your Indonesian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Indonesian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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Indonesian Adjectives

Learning the Indonesian Adjectives is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Indonesian language. But first we need to know what the role of Adjectives is in the structure of the grammar in Indonesian.

Indonesian Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence.

Grammar Tips:

While in English an adjective doesn’t change when the noun changes, in Indonesian an adjective should agree in gender and number with the noun. For example:

Masculine to feminine example:

ini adalah putra saya (this is my little son) becomes:ini adalah putri kecil saya (this is my little daughter)

As you can see from the example above, the adjective comes after the noun and also takes the feminine form.

 

Singular to plural example:

ini adalah kucing putihku (this is my white cat) becomes:  ini adalah kucing-kucing putihku (these are my white cats).

As you can see from the example above, the adjective comes after the noun and also takes the plural form.


Here are some examples:

English AdjectivesIndonesian Adjectives
adjectiveskata sifat
a green treepohon hijau
a tall buildingbangunan tinggi
a very old manlelaki yang sangat tua
the old red houserumah tua yang berwarna merah
a very nice friendteman yang sangat baik

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Adjectives in Indonesian has a logical pattern. Locate the Adjectives above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in Bahasa Indonesia.

List of Adjectives in Indonesian

Below is a list of the Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes in Indonesian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Indonesian vocabulary.

English AdjectivesIndonesian Adjectives
colorswarna
blackhitam
bluebiru
browncokelat
grayabu-abu
greenhijau
orangeoranye (color), jeruk (fruit)
purpleungu
redmerah
whiteputih
yellowkuning
sizesukuran
bigbesar
deepdalam
longpanjang
narrowsempit
shortpendek
smallkecil
talltinggi
thicktebal
thintipis
widelebar
shapesbentuk
circularbundar
straightlurus
squarepersegi
triangularsegi tiga
tastesselera
bitterpahit
freshsegar
saltyasin
sourasam
spicypedas
sweetmanis
qualitieskualitas
badburuk
cleanbersih
darkgelap
difficultsulit
dirtykotor
drykering
easymudah
emptykosong
expensivemahal
fastcepat
foreignasing
fullpenuh
goodbaik
hardkeras
heavyberat
inexpensivemurah
lightcahaya, ringan
localsetempat, lokal
newbaru
noisybising
oldtua
powerfulkuat
quiettenang
correctbenar
slowlambat
softlembut
verysangat
weaklemah
wetbasah
wrongsalah
youngmuda
quantitiesjumlah
fewbeberapa
littlesedikit
manybanyak
muchbanyak
partbagian
somebeberapa
a fewbeberapa
wholeseluruh

Adjectives, Colors, Shapes, Sizes have a very important role in Indonesian, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with the Bahasa Indonesia Adjectives, you might want to check the rest of our Indonesian lessons here: Learn Indonesian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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