### German Numbers

If you're trying to learn **German Numbers** you will find some useful resources including a course about **Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers**... to help you with your **German grammar**. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn German. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

### German Numbers

Learning the **German Numbers** is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the German language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in German.

German cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

**Grammar Tips:**

In **German** numbers from 1 to 19 are
unique and therefore need to be memorized individually.

To count upwards from twenty in tens, you use
the number words for "three" to "nine" as a stem (with the
exceptions being zwanzig (twenty), sechzig (sixty) and siebzig (seventy) which
change the stem) and add either **ßig** or **zig**. This gives you 20 = “zwan**zig**”, 30 = “drei**ßig**”, 40 = “vier**zig**”, 50 = “fünf**zig**”, 60 = “sech**zig**”, 70 = “sieb**zig**”, 80 = “acht**zig**”, 90 = “neun**zig**".

Two-digit numbers are then formed by using
the following pattern: for example 21 can be formed by using 1 + 20 while
connecting the words und putting “und” (“and”) between them. Notice that the
words for two-digit numbers are spoken in reversed order from the digits – that
is, when you speak, you say the written numbers backwards! Thus, 21 becomes **ein**undzwanzig, 22 = **zwei**undzwanzig, 23 = **drei**undzwanzig,
24 = **vier**undzwanzig etc.

To continue upwards from one hundred in
three-digit numbers and higher, you simply put the number words for the
hundreds, thousands, millions etc. in front, as in English. This gives you
(parts in brackets may be omitted) 101 = **(ein)hundert(und)**eins, 102 = **(ein)hundert(und)**zwei 201 = **zweihundert(und)**eins, 202 = **zweihundert(und)**zwei etc.; for the
thousands 1001 = **(ein)tausend****(und)**eins, 1002 = **(ein)tausend****(und)**zwei etc., 2001 = **zweitausend****(und)**eins, 2002 = **zweitausend****(und)**zwei etc. From one million (“Million”) upwards, the number
expression is split into multiple words, eg **eine Million und eins**, **eine Million und zwei** etc.

Here are some examples:

English Numbers | German Numbers |
---|---|

numbers | Zahlen |

one | eins |

two | zwei |

three | drei |

four | vier |

five | fünf |

six | sechs |

seven | sieben |

eight | acht |

nine | neun |

ten | zehn |

eleven | elf |

twelve | zwölf |

thirteen | dreizehn |

fourteen | vierzehn |

fifteen | fünfzehn |

sixteen | sechzehn |

seventeen | siebzehn |

eighteen | achtzehn |

nineteen | neunzehn |

twenty | zwanzig |

hundred | hundert |

one thousand | eintausend |

million | eine Million |

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Numbers in German has a logical pattern. Locate the Numbers above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in German.

### List of Ordinal Numbers in German

German Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in German. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your German vocabulary.

English Numbers | German Numbers |
---|---|

Ordinal Numbers | Ordnungszahlen |

first | erster, erste, erstes |

second | zweiter, zweite, zweites |

third | dritter, dritte, drittes, Drittel |

fourth | vierter, vierte, viertes |

fifth | fünfter, fünfte, fünftes, Fünftel |

sixth | sechster, sechste, sechstes, Sechstel |

seventh | siebter, siebte, siebtes, Siebtel |

eighth | achter, achte, achtes, Achtel |

ninth | neunter, neunte, neuntes, Neuntel |

tenth | zehntes, zehnte, zehntes, Zehntel |

eleventh | elfter, elfte, elftes, Elftel |

twelfth | zwölfter, zwölfte, zwölftes, Zwölftel |

thirteenth | dreizehnter, dreizehnte, dreizehntes, Dreizehntel |

fourteenth | vierzehnter, vierzehnte, vierzehntes, Vierzehntel |

fifteenth | fünfzehnter, fünfzehte, fünfzehntes, Fünfzehntel |

sixteenth | sechzehnter, sechzehnte, sechzehntes, Sechzehntel |

seventeenth | siebzehnter, siebzehnte, siebzehntes, Siebzehntel |

eighteenth | achtzehnter, achtzehnte, achtzehntes, Achtzehntel |

nineteenth | neunzehnter, neunzehnte, neunzehntes, Neunzehntel |

twentieth | zwanzigster, zwanzigste, zwanzigstes, Zwanzigstel |

once | einmal |

twice | zweimal |

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in German, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with German Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our German lessons here: Learn German. Don't forget to **bookmark** this page.