German Numbers

German Numbers

If you're trying to learn German Numbers you will find some useful resources including a course about Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers... to help you with your German grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn German. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!

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German Numbers

Learning the German Numbers is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you practice the subject, the closer you get to mastering the German language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in German.

German cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.

Grammar Tips:

In German numbers from 1 to 19 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually.

To count upwards from twenty in tens, you use the number words for "three" to "nine" as a stem (with the exceptions being zwanzig (twenty), sechzig (sixty) and siebzig (seventy) which change the stem) and add either ßig or zig. This gives you 20 = “zwanzig”, 30 = “dreißig”, 40 = “vierzig”, 50 = “fünfzig”, 60 = “sechzig”, 70 = “siebzig”, 80 = “achtzig”, 90 = “neunzig".

Two-digit numbers are then formed by using the following pattern: for example 21 can be formed by using 1 + 20 while connecting the words und putting “und” (“and”) between them. Notice that the words for two-digit numbers are spoken in reversed order from the digits – that is, when you speak, you say the written numbers backwards! Thus, 21 becomes einundzwanzig, 22 = zweiundzwanzig, 23 = dreiundzwanzig, 24 = vierundzwanzig etc.

To continue upwards from one hundred in three-digit numbers and higher, you simply put the number words for the hundreds, thousands, millions etc. in front, as in English. This gives you (parts in brackets may be omitted) 101 = (ein)hundert(und)eins, 102 = (ein)hundert(und)zwei 201 = zweihundert(und)eins, 202 = zweihundert(und)zwei etc.; for the thousands 1001 = (ein)tausend(und)eins, 1002 = (ein)tausend(und)zwei etc., 2001 = zweitausend(und)eins, 2002 = zweitausend(und)zwei etc. From one million (“Million”) upwards, the number expression is split into multiple words, eg eine Million und eins, eine Million und zwei etc.


Here are some examples:

English NumbersGerman Numbers
numbersZahlen
oneeins
twozwei
threedrei
fourvier
fivefünf
sixsechs
sevensieben
eightacht
nineneun
tenzehn
elevenelf
twelvezwölf
thirteendreizehn
fourteenvierzehn
fifteenfünfzehn
sixteensechzehn
seventeensiebzehn
eighteenachtzehn
nineteenneunzehn
twentyzwanzig
hundredhundert
one thousandeintausend
millioneine Million

As you can see from the example above, the structure of the Numbers in German has a logical pattern. Locate the Numbers above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in German.

List of Ordinal Numbers in German

German Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in German. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your German vocabulary.

English NumbersGerman Numbers
Ordinal NumbersOrdnungszahlen
firsterster, erste, erstes
secondzweiter, zweite, zweites
thirddritter, dritte, drittes, Drittel
fourthvierter, vierte, viertes
fifthfünfter, fünfte, fünftes, Fünftel
sixthsechster, sechste, sechstes, Sechstel
seventhsiebter, siebte, siebtes, Siebtel
eighthachter, achte, achtes, Achtel
ninthneunter, neunte, neuntes, Neuntel
tenthzehntes, zehnte, zehntes, Zehntel
eleventhelfter, elfte, elftes, Elftel
twelfthzwölfter, zwölfte, zwölftes, Zwölftel
thirteenthdreizehnter, dreizehnte, dreizehntes, Dreizehntel
fourteenthvierzehnter, vierzehnte, vierzehntes, Vierzehntel
fifteenthfünfzehnter, fünfzehte, fünfzehntes, Fünfzehntel
sixteenthsechzehnter, sechzehnte, sechzehntes, Sechzehntel
seventeenthsiebzehnter, siebzehnte, siebzehntes, Siebzehntel
eighteenthachtzehnter, achtzehnte, achtzehntes, Achtzehntel
nineteenthneunzehnter, neunzehnte, neunzehntes, Neunzehntel
twentiethzwanzigster, zwanzigste, zwanzigstes, Zwanzigstel
onceeinmal
twicezweimal

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in German, therefore they need very special attention. Once you're done with German Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our German lessons here: Learn German. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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