Georgian Pronouns

If you're trying to learn Georgian Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns... to help you with your Georgian grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Georgian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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Georgian Pronouns

Learning the Georgian Pronouns is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Georgian language. But first we need to know what the role of Pronouns is in the structure of the grammar in Georgian.

Georgian pronouns include personal pronouns (refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken about), indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns (connect parts of sentences) and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns (in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject).

Grammar Tips:

In English personal pronouns are (I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they), and (me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them), In Georgian, the personal pronouns are:

me - I

Sen – You

is – HE, she, it

Cven – We

Tqven – You

isini – They   

Examples: me vswavlob (I learn), Sen swavlob (you learn), is swavlobs (he learns), (she learns), Tqven swavlobT (you learn [plural]), Cven vswavlobT (we learn), Tqven swavlobT (you learn [plural]), isini swavloben (they learn)

Indirect Object Pronouns:

Indirect object pronouns are words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a person.

me (me), Sen (you), is (him, her), Tqven (formal), Cven (us), Tqven (you), maT (them):

Examples:

momeci me wigni (give me the book). me Sen miyvarxar (I love you).

Cven maT uyvarvarT – they love us.

Please note, that in Georgian, these pronouns are not usually used, as they extend phrases. This is due to the fact that the verb express the object itself.

Therefore instead of examples above, the more used phrases would be.

momeci wigni (give me the book). miyvarxar (I love you).

uyvarvarT – they love us.

Possessive Pronouns:

Cemi (my)

Seni (your)

misi (his, her)

Cveni (our),

Tqveni (your),

maTi (their).

Absolute forms of the possessive pronouns coincide with the nominative forms of the personal pronouns in Georgian. See examples and compare with the above.

Cemi (mine)

Seni (yours)

misi (his, hers)

Cveni (ours)

Tqveni (yours)

maTi (theirs).


Here are some examples:

English PronounsGeorgian Pronouns
Pronounsnatsvalsakhelebi - ნაცვალსახელები
Ime - მე
youshen singular, tkven plural - შენ singular, თქვენ plural
heis - ის
sheis - ის
wechven - ჩვენ
theyisini - ისინი
meme - me
youshen singular, tkven plural - შენ singular, თქვენ plural
himmas - მას
hermas - მას
uschven - ჩვენ
themmat - მათ
mychemi - ჩემი
yoursheni singular, tkveni plural - შენი singular, თქვენი plural
hismisi - მისი
hermisi - მისი
ourchveni - ჩვენი
theirmati - მათი
minechemi - ჩემი
yourssheni singular, tkveni plural - შენი singular, თქვენი plural
hismisi - მისი
hersmisi - მისი
ourschveni - ჩვენი
theirsmati - მათი

Notice the structure of the Pronouns in Georgian.

List of Pronouns in Georgian

Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Georgian placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Georgian vocabulary.

English PronounsGeorgian Pronouns
I speakme vsaubrob - მე ვსაუბრობ
you speakshen, tkven saubrobt - შენ, თქვენ საუბრობთ
he speaksis saubrobs - ის საუბრობს
she speaksis saubrobs - ის საუბრობს
we speakchven vsaubrobt - ჩვენ ვსაუბრობთ
they speakisini saubroben - ისინი საუბრობენ
give memometsi - მომეცი
gadzlev - გაძლევ
give himmietsi - მიეცი
give hermietsi - მიეცი
give usmogvetsi - მოგვეცი
give themmietsi - მიეცი
my bookchemi ts'igni - ჩემი წიგნი
your booktkveni ts'igni - თქვენი წიგნი
his bookmisi ts'igni - მისი წიგნი
her bookmisi ts'igni - მისი წიგნი
our bookchveni ts'igni - ჩვენი წიგნი
their bookmati ts'igni - მათი წიგნი

Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Georgian. Once you're done with Georgian Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Georgian lessons here: Learn Georgian. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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