French Articles

If you're trying to learn French Articles you will find some useful resources including a course about Definite and Indefinite Articles... to help you with your French grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn French. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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French Articles

Learning the French Articles is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the French language. But first we need to know what the role of Articles is in the structure of the grammar in French.

French articles are words that combine with a noun to indicate the type of reference being made by the noun. Generally articles specify the grammatical definiteness of the noun. Examples are "the, a, and an".

Grammar Tips:

Definite Article:

Unlike English, which has only one definite article “the", French has 4 definite articles:

L’ (masculine and feminine singular) l’arbre / l’université (the tree / the university)

Le (masculine singular), le livre (the book)

La (feminine singular) la maison (the house)

Les (masculine and feminine plural) les arbres / les universités (the trees / the universities)

 

Indefinite Article:

While we have (a / an / some) in English as indefinite articles, we also have un/ une. des in French .

In general, whenever (a, an) are used in English you, you need to use (un) or (une) to say the equivalent in French.

Un (masculine singular), un livre (a book)

Une (feminine singular) une maison (a house)

Des (masculine and feminine plural) des livres / des maisons (some books / some houses)

 

Example: Les livres que j’ai sont chez un ami (The books I have are in one of my friend’s place)


Here are some examples:

English ArticlesFrench Articles
articlesarticles
thele
aun
oneun
somecertains
fewpeu
the bookle livre
the booksles livres
a bookun livre
one bookun livre
some booksdes livres
few booksQuelques livres

Notice the structure of the Articles in French.

List of Articles in French

Below is a list of vocabulary where you can use the Definite and Indefinite Articles in French. Try to practice but also memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your French vocabulary.

English VocabularyFrench Vocabulary
Foodnourriture
almondsamandes
breadpain
breakfastpetit déjeuner
butterbeurre
candybonbons
cheesefromage
chickenpoulet
cumincumin
dessertdessert
dinnerdîner
fishpoisson
fruitfruit
ice creamglace
lambagneau
lemoncitron
lunchdéjeuner
mealrepas
meatviande
ovenfour
pepperpoivre
plantsplantes
porkporc
saladsalade
saltsel
sandwichsandwich
sausagesaucisse
soupsoupe
sugarsucre
suppersouper
turkeyTurquie
applepomme
bananabanane
orangesoranges
peachespêches
peanutarachide
pearspoires
pineappleananas
grapesraisin
strawberriesfraises
vegetableslégumes
carrotcarrot
cornmaïs
cucumberconcombre
garlicail
lettucelaitue
olivesolives
onionsoignons
pepperspoivrons
potatoespommes de terre
pumpkincitrouille
beansharicots
tomatoestomates

Definite and Indefinite Articles have a very important role in French. Once you're done with French Articles, you might want to check the rest of our French lessons here: Learn French. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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