French Adverbs

If you're trying to learn French Adverbs you will find some useful resources including a course about Adverbs of time place manner and frequency... to help you with your French grammar. Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place. Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn French. Enjoy the rest of the lesson!


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French Adverbs

Learning the French Adverbs is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the French language. But first we need to know what the role of Adverbs is in the structure of the grammar in French.

French adverbs are part of speech. Generally they're words that modify any part of language other than a noun. Adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives (including numbers), clauses, sentences and other adverbs.

Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. They are invariable.

In French, they are usually formed from an adjective, by adding suffix -ment.

Examples: vrai becomes vraiment, terrible becomes terriblement.

 

If the masculine form of an adjective ends with a consonant, the adverb is formed by adding -ment to the feminine form:

Examples:

adjective

adverb

Plat (flat)

platement

Heureux (happy)

heureusement

Naturel (natural)

naturellement

Frais (fresh)

fraîchement

 

Exceptions:

gentil (nice) becomes gentiment

bref (brief) becomes brièvement

 

In some cases, the -e of the feminine form becomes an -é in the adverb.

For example:

profond (deep)becomes profondément, confus (confused) becomes confusément.

 

 

If the masculine form of an adjective ends with a vowel, the adverb is created by adding -ment to it:

examples:

adjective

adverb

Joli (pretty)

joliment

Grave (serious)

gravement

Passionné (passionate)

passionnément

Absolu (absolute)

absolument

 

Exceptions:

Beau (beautiful)

bellement

Gai (happy)

gaiement

Traître (treacherous)

traîtreusement

Impuni (unpunished)

impunément

 

In some cases, the -e of the masculine form becomes an -é in the adverb. For example, intense (intense) becomes intensément, aveugle (blind) becomes aveuglément.

 

In some adverbs formed from adjectives ending with -u, a circumflex is added. Examples: cru (raw) becomes crûment, goulu (gluttonous) becomes goulûment).

 

 

Adverbs from adjectives ending with -ant are formed dropping -ant and adding -amment.

Examples:

Galant (courteous)

galamment

Bruyant (noisy)

bruyamment

 

 

 

Adverbs from adjectives ending with -ent are formed dropping -ent and adding -emment.

Examples:

Fréquent (frequent)

Fréquemment

Évident (obvious)

évidemment

 

Exceptions:

Lent (slow)

lentement

Présent (present)

présentement

 

A lot of adverbs do not end with -ment (for example: bien (well), mieux (better), peu (little), vite (fast)).

Here are some examples:

English AdverbsFrench Adverbs
adverbsadverbes
I read a book sometimesJe lis un livre parfois
I will never smokeJe ne fumerai jamais
are you alone?Êtes-vous seul?

Notice the structure of the Adverbs in French has a logical pattern. Locate the Adverbs above and see how it works with the rest of the sentence in French.

Grammar Tips:

While in English adverbs are usually formed by adding (-ly) to adjectives. In French many adverbs are formed from adjectives, simply by adding the suffix –ment to the singular feminine form of adjectives. Examples:

 

Lent (slow) becomes lentement (slowly)

Parfait (perfect) becomes parfaitement (perfectly)

However that’s not always the case. Some words are adverbs by nature. For example:

Maintenant (now), vraiment (really), and bientôt (soon) are all French adverbs.


List of Adverbs in French

Below is a list of the Adverbs of time place manner and frequency in French placed in a table. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your French vocabulary.

English AdverbsFrench Adverbs
adverbs of timeadverbes de temps
yesterdayHier/ La vielle
todayaujourd'hui
tomorrowdemain
nowmaintenant
thenpuis
laterplus tard
tonightce soir
right nowpour le moment/ en ce moment
last nightdernière nuit
this morningce matin
next weeksemaine prochaine
alreadydéjà
recentlyrécemment
latelyrécemment
soonbientôt
immediatelyimmédiatement
stillencore
yetencore
agoil y a
adverbs of placeadverbes de lieu
hereici
there
over therelà-bas
everywherepartout
anywheren'importe où
nowherenulle part
homemaison
awayloin
outdehors
adverbs of manneradverbes de manière
verytrès
quitetout à fait/assez
prettyjoli
reallyvraiment
fastrapide
wellbien
harddur
quicklyrapidement
slowlylentement
carefullysoigneusement
hardlyà peine
barelyà peine
mostlysurtout
almostpresque
absolutelyabsolument
togetherensemble
aloneseul
adverbs of frequencyadverbes de fréquence
alwaystoujours
frequentlyfréquemment
usuallyhabituellement
sometimesparfois
occasionallyde temps en temps
seldomrarement
rarelyrarement
neverjamais

Adverbs of time place manner and frequency have a very important role in French. Once you're done with French Adverbs, you might want to check the rest of our French lessons here: Learn French. Don't forget to bookmark this page.


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